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PRESIDENT FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT - TYPED LETTER SIGNED 06/19/1916 CO-SIGNED BY: ADMIRAL WILLIAM S. SIMS - HFSID 279322

FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT , CO-SIGNED BY: WILLIAM S. SIMS These travel orders were signed by FDR, ordering a member of the Navy's Bureau of Steam Engineering to observe the installation of electrical equipment on the USS Nevada. Also signed twice by the USS Nevada's captain, William S. Sims.

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FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT , CO-SIGNED BY: WILLIAM S. SIMS
These travel orders were signed by FDR, ordering a member of the Navy's Bureau of Steam Engineering to observe the installation of electrical equipment on the USS Nevada. Also signed twice by the USS Nevada's captain, William S. Sims. The USS Nevada was damaged at Pearl Harbor, but was refloated and provided fire support at Attu Island and Normandy during World War II.
Typed letter signed "Franklin D Roosevelt" and initialed "FDR" and, on verso, twice by "William S. Sims" as Commander of the USS Nevada. With black ink and erased lead pencil notations on front and verso in unknown hand. 1 page, 7¾x10¼, with docket on verso, on letterhead of the Secretary of the Navy. June 19, 1916. Addressed to I. E. Stolberg, Bureau of Steam Engineering, Navy Department. This letter contained travel orders for Stolberg. He was to accompany Lt. Alexander Sharp, Jr. to Hampton Roads, Virginia to observe the installation of electrical apparatus on the USS Nevada by the Bureau of Steam Engineering. The USS Nevada was the first of the United States Navy's superdreadnought battleships. Her keel was laid on Nov. 4 1912, and she was commissioned on March 11, 1916. The USS Nevada was hit by five bombs around 9:50 a.m. while dodging Japanese attacks during the Dec. 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor (she was the only battleship able to maneuver during the battle). She was refloated on Feb. 12, 1942 and repaired at the Puget Sound Navy Yard; these repairs ate up the rest of the year. She was sent to Alaska, where she provided fire support during the May 1943 American recapture of Attu Island in the Aleutian Islands. She later was assigned to escorting convoys in the Atlantic, then provided fire support for the Normandy Invasion. The USS Nevada survived the war, but was sunk in 1948, when the USS Iowa and two other ships used her for gunnery practice. ROOSEVELT (1882-1945, born in Hyde Park, New York) is an American politician who served as president during two of the most difficult times in world history, the Great Depression and World War II. He also served as president for four terms (1933-1945), longer than any other president in history. Roosevelt's parents were from old New York families, and he was raised in privilege. Theodore, his fifth cousin, was elected president in 1902; his leadership style and lust for reform made him Franklin's hero and role model. Roosevelt was elected to the New York State Senate in 1910; he ran as a Democrat in a district that hadn't elected a Democrat since 1884, but ran on his privileged name and rode a Democratic landslide to the State Senate, where he joined reformers in opposing New York City's Tammany Hall Democratic machine. He resigned in 1913 when appointed Assistant Secretary of the Navy (1913-1920), where he worked to expand the Navy and founded the Navy Reserve and where he met Winston Churchill for the first time in 1918. He ran as vice president with James M. Cox of Ohio, but they were handily defeated by Warren Harding. He contracted a paralytic illness in 1921 while vacationing in Campobello Island, New Brunswick, widely believed to be poliomyelitis, which permanently paralyzed him from the waist down. Not many people knew at the time that he was paralyzed, though, thanks in part to a cooperative press. He was elected Governor of New York (1928-1932), a governorship that was marred by his reluctant deal-making with the faltering Tammany Hall machine during his 1930 re-election run. He was elected president in 1932, three years into the worldwide Great Depression, a depression that contributed to the rise of Adolf Hitler. Roosevelt tried to get people back to work with the New Deal and prevent the same thing happening in the United States. The New Deal was a patchwork of programs that scholars now agree had limited success at best in ending the Depression, and some of its programs, like the National Recovery Administration (NRA), were determined to be unconstitutional. However, programs like the Civilian Conservation Corps employed hundreds of thousands of Americans and programs like NRA and the Tennessee Valley Authority injected billions of federal dollars into the economy. Roosevelt was also responsible for Social Security benefits for the elderly and minimum wage laws. He began re-arming the United States in 1938, in the face of strong isolationism, and declared that the United States would become an "arsenal of democracy" against Hitler. But the isolationism dissolved with the attacks on Pearl Harbor, and the United States entered World War II. Roosevelt's administration put the nation on a war footing while coordinating strategy with his counterparts Churchill and Josef Stalin, the so-called "Big Three". He died four months before V-J Day and the official end of World War II on Aug. 12, 1945. SIMS (1858-1936, born in Port Hope, Ontario, Canada) brought about great improvements in naval gunnery, overcoming the resistance of some senior officers. He commanded the Atlantic Torpedo Flotilla (1913-1915) and was President of the Naval War College (1917). Admiral Sims, who was named Commander of U.S. naval forces in European Waters (1918), was the co-author of The Victory at Sea, which won the 1921 Pulitzer Prize in History. Lightly toned, soiled, stained and creased. Random ink stains. Staple holes in upper left corner. Folded twice and unfolded. Otherwise in fine condition.

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