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PRESIDENT FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT - TYPED LETTER SIGNED 09/28/1936 - HFSID 32127

FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT He signs a typed letter to his former law partner, declining to confer a Presidential appointment to the Naval Academy on a candidate favored by O'Connor. Typed Letter Signed: "Franklin D. Roosevelt" as 32nd U.S. President, 1 page, 7x9. The White House, 1936 September 28.

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FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT
He signs a typed letter to his former law partner, declining to confer a Presidential appointment to the Naval Academy on a candidate favored by O'Connor.
Typed Letter Signed: "Franklin D. Roosevelt" as 32nd U.S. President, 1 page, 7x9. The White House, 1936 September 28. To his former law partner, "Doc" Basil O'Connor. In full: "I have just received your letter of the 23rd regarding the appointment of Stanley Power's son, Paul, to the Naval Academy. Last week I received the two letters which you had previously sent on the same subject. I would consider it a personal pleasure if it were possible for Paul Power to receive a Presidential appointment but the custom has always been to reserve Presidential appointments for the sons of officers and men of the active service. I do not believe there has ever been a deviation from this policy, and I would not like to create a precedent. I understand that young Power is seventeen years of age - he has three years in which to gain his objective, before he reaches the top age for entrance to the Academy. Certainly during this three year period his Senator and his Congressman will have at least one vacancy each - probably more. Also, he might enter the Naval Reserve which appoints twenty-five midshipmen each year and which would afford him a thorough indoctrination and a mid-summer two week cruise. With these two prospects in mind I feel that he will have no great difficulty in securing an appointment. You, of course, will understand my desires and perceive the situation and I hope Myron Brown and Stanley Power will also understand." Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945, born in Hyde Park, NY) is an American politician who served as president during two of the most difficult times in world history, the Great Depression and World War II. He also served as president for four terms (1933-1945), longer than any other president in history. Roosevelt's parents were from old New York families, and he was raised in privilege. Theodore, his fifth cousin, was elected president in 1902; his leadership style and lust for reform made him Franklin's hero and role model. Roosevelt was elected to the New York State Senate in 1910; he ran as a Democrat in a district that hadn't elected a Democrat since 1884, but ran on his privileged name and rode a Democratic landslide to the State Senate, where he joined reformers in opposing New York City's Tammany Hall Democratic machine. He resigned in 1913 when appointed Assistant Secretary of the Navy (1913-1920), where he worked to expand the Navy and founded the Navy Reserve and where he met Winston Churchill for the first time in 1918. He ran as vice president with James M. Cox of Ohio, but they were handily defeated by Warren Harding. He contracted a paralytic illness in 1921 while vacationing in Campobello Island, New Brunswick, widely believed to be poliomyelitis, which permanently paralyzed him from the waist down. Not many people knew at the time that he was paralyzed, though, thanks in part to a cooperative press. He was elected Governor of New York (1928-1932), a governorship that was marred by his reluctant deal-making with the faltering Tammany Hall machine during his 1930 re-election run. He was elected president in 1932, three years into the worldwide Great Depression, a depression that contributed to the rise of Adolf Hittler. Roosevelt tried to get people back to work with the New Deal and prevent the same thing happening in the United States. The New Deal was a patchwork of programs that scholars now agree had limited success at best in ending the Depression, and some of its programs, like the National Recovery Administration (NRA), were determined to be unconstitutional. However, programs like the Civilian Conservation Corps employed hundreds of thousands of Americans and programs like NRA and the Tennessee Valley Authority injected billions of federal dollars into the economy. Roosevelt was also responsible for Social Security benefits for the elderly and minimum wage laws. He began re-arming the United States in 1938, in the face of strong isolationism, and declared that the United States would become an "arsenal of democracy" against Hitler. But the isolationism dissolved with the attacks on Pearl Harbor, and the United States entered World War II. Roosevelt's administration put the nation on a war footing while coordinating strategy with his counterparts Churchill and Josef Stalin, the so-called "Big Three". He died four months before V-J Day and the official end of World War II on Aug. 12, 1945. Rubber stamped docket at upper right on date. Mounting traces at top verso, else fine.

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