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FRANKLIN PIERCE and WILLIAM L. MARCY. Rare Manuscript Letter of State signed: "Franklin Pierce" as 14th U.S. President and "W.L. Marcy" as Secretary of State, 1½p, 10½x16¾. Washington, 1854 July 24. to the President of the Republic of Chile (Manuel Montt). In full: "I have made choice of David A. Starkweather, one of our distinguished citizens, to reside near the Government of the Republic of Chile in the quality of Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States of America. He is well apprized of the friendship which we bear to your Government and of our desire to cultivate the harmony and good correspondence so happily subsisting between us. From a knowledge of his fidelity, probity and good conduct, I have entire confidence that he will render himself acceptable to Your Excellency, and give effect to our desire of preserving and advancing on all occasions the interest and happiness of the two Republics. I beseech Your Excellency therefore, to give full credence to whatever he shall say on the part of the United States, and most of all when he shall assure you of their friendship and wishes for the prosperity of Your Republic. And I pray God to have Your Excellency always in His safe and holy keeping." U.S. Minister DAVID AUSTIN STARKWEATHER served in Chile from 1854-1857. Starkweather was formerly a Representative from Ohio in the U.S. Congress (1839-1841 and 1845-1847) and was Chairman of the Democratic National Convention at which Pierce was nominated in 1852. U.S. formal relations with Chile date back to March 8, 1822, when President James Monroe recommended to Congress that the U.S. should formally recognize the independent Latin American republics. On May 4, he signed a bill authorizing diplomatic missions be established. Colombia was the first country that the President received and shortly thereafter relations were established with Chile, Argentina, Mexico, Brazil and Central America. With the opening of diplomatic relations came the formulation of commercial treaties. From 1825 to 1850 large quantities of cotton goods were exported from the United States to Chile, Colombia and Brazil. South America, in turn sent hides, wool, sugar, grains and copper. MANUEL MONTT (1809-1880) was President of Chile from 1851 to 1861 (two five-year terms). His administration was marked by progress in education, construction of railways, telegraphs and tax reform. He went on to serve as President of the country's Supreme Court (1861-1880). FRANKLIN PIERCE, who had hoped to become an expansionist President like Polk, looked beyond U.S. borders to expand the nation and establish trade. He was aided in his endeavors by his appointment of WILLIAM LEARNED MARCY, who had previously served as Secretary of War in Polk's Cabinet. Marcy, who would be instrumental in opening trade with Japan, negotiated 24 treaties. They included the important Gadsen Treaty with Mexico, the Reciprocity Treaty with Great Britain and pacts with the Netherlands, Denmark and the Argentine Confederation. Letters of state between world leaders are rarely on the market. Shaded at folds on verso. Vertical folds touch Marcy's first name and the first "n" in Franklin. Mounting remnants at upper blank portion on verso. Slight vertical tears at blank lower edge (all paper intact). ¼-inch separation at upper blank right horizontal fold on verso. Minor horizontal tear at lower left blank edge on verso. Overall, fine condition with large, bold 4½-inch signature of Pierce.

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Born: November 23, 1804 in Hillsborough, New Hampshire
Died: October 8, 1869 in Concord, New Hampshire

Born: December 12, 1786 in Southbridge, Massachusetts
Died: July 4, 1857 in Ballston Spa, New York

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