PRESIDENT HARRY S TRUMAN - SPEECH SIGNED 01/24/1947 - HFSID 276880
HARRY S TRUMAN The 33rd United States president signs a copy of his address to the American people, calling special session of Congress to deal with inflation at home and hunger abroad Speech signed: "Harry Truman", 4p, 8x14. Press Release dated 1947 October 24, with instructions at top by Presidential Secretary Charles G.
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HARRY S TRUMAN
The 33rd United States president signs a copy of his address to the American people, calling special session of Congress to deal with inflation at home and hunger abroad
Speech signed: "Harry Truman", 4p, 8x14. Press Release dated 1947 October 24, with instructions at top by Presidential Secretary Charles G. Ross that the text of the speech "must be held in confidence" until 10:00 PM E.S.T., when Truman will be delivering the speech to the American people by radio. Signed in ink at bottom of p4. Truman's speech to "my fellow countrymen" reads, in part: "I have called the Congress to meet on November 17th to consider the problems of high prices at home and emergency aid abroad. These are questions of vital importance to all of us." The speech contains Truman's describes price inflation at home and analyzes its causes. Then he turns to the problem of acute shortages of food and fuel in the free countries of Europe not yet recovered from World War II, shortages brought on by crop failures and an extremely cold winter of 1947. He calls for legislative measures to fight inflation and Congressional funding of emergency foreign economic aid. In the elections of November 1946, the Republican Party had gained majorities in both Houses of Congress for the first time since 1930. President Truman, a Democrat, had clashed repeatedly with Congress, which had passed some measures, including the Taft-Hartley Act strongly opposed by organized labor, overriding Truman's veto. While Truman and the Republican Congress, both chastened by the lessons of the "isolationist" period between the World Wars, found some common ground on foreign policy, culminating in the Marshall Plan, enacted in 1948 to aid European economic recovery, they remained at loggerheads on domestic issues. When Congress convened on November 17, Truman proposed 10 measures to fight inflation. Truman signed the weaker 3-point plan Congress enacted, while complaining that the measures enacted were insufficient. The President would call another special session in July 1948, an election year. When Congress balked at his proposals, Truman was able to campaign for re-election by denouncing the "do nothing Congress", a Congress he called the worst one in US history. These maneuvers helped Truman achieve an upset victory over Republic Thomas E. Dewey in November 1948. Lightly toned. Stapled in upper left corner, with a light diagonal fold there. Pencil notations (unknown hand) in margins of p1 and p4. Otherwise, fine condition.
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