PRESIDENT JAMES BUCHANAN - PRINTED CERTIFICATION SIGNED IN INK 11/11/1845 - HFSID 31314
Sale Price $850.00
James Buchanan signs a document as Polk's Secretary of State.
Partly Printed DS: "James Buchanan" as Polk's Secretary of State, 2p, 73/4x93/4 separate sheets. Department of State, Washington, 1845 November 11.In full: "To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting: I Certify, That H.C. Williams whose name is subscribed to the paper hereunto annexed, is now, and was, at the time of subscribing the same, a Justice of the Peace for the county of Washington, in the District of Columbia, duly commissioned, and that full faith and confidence are due to his acts, as such. In testimony, I James Buchanan Secretary of State of the United States, have hereunto subscribed my name, and caused the Seal of the Department of State be affixed…." White paper seal affixed with red wax. Pink ribbon that originally attached the separate sheets still present. Stained from ribbon at left edge and center portion, not near the 5-inch bold signature. Accompanied by a Manuscript DS: "Jno M. McCalla", 1p, 73/4x93/4. Washington, 1845 November. Concerning a debt. In part: "The deposition of John M. McCalla taken at his, second Auditors office in said city on the second Monday in November 1845 to be read as evidence in a suit or motion now pending in the Fayette Circuit Court, Kentucky, in which Thomas Wood is plaintiff and Moses P. Ellis sheriff of said Fayette county is defendant…." ADS at lower left: "Sworn and Subscribed to/before me on day above written/H.C. Williams, J.P." Browned at folds and left and right margins, tiny holes where previously attached to above document, portion of ribbon intact. President James K. Polk asked JAMES BUCHANAN to be his Secretary of State after the Democratic victory in the election of 1844. Buchanan had previously been Congressman from Pennsylvania (1821-1831), U.S. Minister to Russia (1832-1833) and U.S. Senator (1834-1845) before seeking the Democratic nomination for President at the 1844 Democratic National Convention in Baltimore. He ran a poor fifth on the first ballot, receiving only four of the 266 votes cast, but later campaigned vigorously for Polk. As Secretary of State, Buchanan was influential in much of the nation's expansion but Polk became uneasy, suspecting that Buchanan was using the position as a steppingstone to the presidency. Ironically, neither man was elected President in 1848; Polk chose not to run for a second term, Buchanan failed to win the nomination until 1856. Two items.
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