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PRESIDENT JAMES MADISON - FOUR LANGUAGE SHIPS PAPERS SIGNED 04/06/1812 CO-SIGNED BY: PRESIDENT JAMES MONROE - HFSID 16732

JAMES MADISON and JAMES MONROE President James Madison and future President James Monroe sign four language ship papers in 1812. Partly Printed DS: "James Madison" as fourth U.S. President andfuture fifth U.S. President "Jas Monroe" as Secretary of State, 1p, 21x16½.

Sale Price $2,720.00

Reg. $3,200.00

Condition: fine condition
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JAMES MADISON and JAMES MONROE
President James Madison and future President James Monroe sign four language ship papers in 1812.
Partly Printed DS: "James Madison" as fourth U.S. President andfuture fifth U.S. President "Jas Monroe" as Secretary of State, 1p, 21x16½. Four-language ship's papers signed in Washington, D.C. but issued from Tappa, Hamlet,1812 April 6. The text is in four columns, each in a different language; from left to right: French, Spanish, English and Dutch. In part: "BE IT KNOWN, That leave and permission are hereby given to Bowler Stevens, master or commander of the Schooner called the Marier Iosph of the burthen of 83 63/55 tons, or thereabouts, lying at present in the port of Tappa Hammelt bound for Bordeaux and laden with Flour and beans, to depart and proceed with his said Schooner on his said voyage, such Schooner having been visited, and the said Master having made oath before the proper officer, that the said Schooner belongs to one or more of the citizens of the United States of America, and to him or them only...which he at present navigates, is of the United States of America, and that no subjects of the present belligerent Powers have any part or portion therein, directly or indirectly, so may God Almighty help him...." Countersigned: "John Haib" as Collector of Customs. four times at lower margin beneath columns. Paper seal, 3x2¾-inches in diameter, affixed at blank left margin. At the time this document was signed, travel across the Atlantic was becoming increasingly dangerous, and no American ships could sail the open seas without this properly authorized passport. Britain's Royal Navy was stopping and searching American ships, looking for deserters and impressing sailors, and trade embargoes by both France and Britain during the Napoleonic Wars often resulted in the seizure of ships' cargoes. In the year before this document was signed, "War Hawks" in the U.S. House, led by Speaker Henry Clay, began pressing for a declaration of war on Britain. Two months before this document was signed on June 18, 1812, war was declared. Six months later, on December 26, 1812, the British Admiralty announced a naval blockade of the Chesapeake and Delaware Bays, effectively barring all commercial vessels from the mid-Atlantic coastal waters. JAMES MADISON (1751-1836), who was known as "The Father of The Constitution", served as fourth U.S. President from 1809-1817. Madison had previously been a delegate to the Continental Congress from Virginia (1780-1783, 1787-1788), a member of the U.S. Constitutional Convention (1787), a U.S. Representative from Virginia (1789-1797) and Thomas Jefferson's Secretary of State (1801-1809). As Secretary of State, Madison had supported the series of Embargo Acts against England to stop harassing America's ships and citizens. By the end of 1808, contrary to Jefferson's intentions, the Embargo Acts nearly destroyed the U.S. shipping industry and adversely affected the domestic economy. On March 1, 1809, three days before Madison's inauguration, outgoing President Jefferson repealed the Embargo Acts by signing the Non-Intercourse Act. This reopened to American shipping all overseas commerce, except to England and France, with a proviso. Should either or both countries stop their interference with neutral shipping, trade could resume upon presidential proclamation. JAMES MONROE (1758-1831), who would succeed Madison as fifth U.S. President (1817-1825), was Madison's Secretary of State from 1811 to 1817 and concurrently served as Secretary of War from October 1814 to March 1815. Monroe had previously served in the Virginia state House of Delegates, the U.S. Congress (1789-1794) and as Governor of Virginia (1799-1802, 1811). Ironically, he had also been U.S. Minister to both France (1794-1796) and Great Britain (1803-1807). Creased with folds, vertical folds at the "roe" of Monroe's signature. Shaded at mid-vertical fold, touching some text (all legible), and at blank areas. Worn and chipped at edges. Overall, fine condition.

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