PRESIDENT JAMES MADISON - FOUR LANGUAGE SHIPS PAPERS SIGNED 11/20/1811 CO-SIGNED BY: ROBERT SMITH (POLITICIAN), THOMAS COLES, THOMAS BURGESS - HFSID 43285
JAMES MADISON, COSIGNED BY: ROBERT SMITH, THOMAS COLES, THOMAS BURGESS 21x16½ ship's papers for the brig Caroline, bound from Providence, Rhode Island to Gibraltar, signed in 1811 by Madison as U.S. president Four language ship's papers signed "James Madison" as U.S.
Sale Price $2,040.00
JAMES MADISON, COSIGNED BY: ROBERT SMITH, THOMAS COLES, THOMAS BURGESS
21x16½ ship's papers for the brig Caroline, bound from Providence, Rhode Island to Gibraltar, signed in 1811 by Madison as U.S. president
Four language ship's papers signed "James Madison" as U.S. President and "R Smith" as Secretary of State, "Tho. Coles Coll" and "Tho. Burgess Pub. Notary". 1 page, 21x16½, with 3-inch paper Great Seal of the United States and 4-inch public notary seal affixed on left. Providence, Rhode Island, November 11, 1811. Four language ships' papers (French, Spanish, English, Dutch) issued at Providence. In part: "Be it known That leave and permission are hereby given Nicholas Cook master or commander of the Brig called Caroline ... lying at present in the port of Providence bound for Gibraltar and laden with Merchandise & Clearance..." Brigs were sailing ships with two masts and square sails. The rear sail is the mainsail and has a small fore-and-aft sail to improve maneuverabillity. Brigs were developed during the 17th century but saw their heyday in the 19th century. They were fast and maneuverable and were used as both military ships with 10 to 18 guns and merchant ships. Brigs were also bigger than schooners, with tonnages up to a hefty 480 tons, making the Caroline a relatively small example of the type at 106 tons. They also required more crew for their large riggings. For this reason, brigs were replaced with schooners, and then steam ships, during the 19th century. Lightly toned and creased. Edges are irregular. Document has been folded vertically five times and horizontally four times. Folds are worn, with small holes along folds. Otherwise in fine condition.
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