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PRESIDENT JAMES MADISON - LAND GRANT SIGNED 03/15/1810 CO-SIGNED BY: ROBERT SMITH (POLITICIAN) - HFSID 5666

JAMES MADISON and ROBERT SMITH Land grant to reward a Revolutionary War veteran, signed by the President and Secretary of State, framed in the Gallery of History style to 23x20 Land Grant signed: "James Madison" as fourth U.S. President and "

Sale Price $3,910.00

Reg. $4,600.00

Condition: lightly creased, otherwise fine condition
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JAMES MADISON and ROBERT SMITH
Land grant to reward a Revolutionary War veteran, signed by the President and Secretary of State, framed in the Gallery of History style to 23x20
Land Grant signed: "James Madison" as fourth U.S. President and "R. Smith" as Secretary of State, 1p, 10½x13. Washington, D.C., 1810 March 10. In part: "That, in consideration of military service performed by Robert Elliott, a lieutenant for the War, to the United States, in the Virginia Line on Continental Establishment, and in pursuance of an act of the Congress of the United States, passed on the 10th day of August, in the year 1790, entitled 'An act to enable the Officers and Soldiers of the Virginia Line on Continental Establishment, to obtain titles to certain lands lying north west of the river Ohio, between the Little Miami and Sciota;' and another act of the said Congress. passed on the 9th day of June, in the year 1794, amendatory of the said act, There is granted by the United States, unto James Taylor, as signee of the said, Robert Elliott, a certain tract of land containing one thousand acres, situate between the Little Miami and Sciota rivers, north west of the river Ohio...." The document, which lists details of the land taken in a survey of March 10, 1808, bears a 2-inch diameter seal at lower left corner. Land bounties such as the one offered here were issued to reward military service in past wars, encourage enlistment in pending wars and to aid special groups. Virginia gave more generous bounties than any other colony or state and a special Virginia Military District was reserved north of the Ohio to fulfill these grants. The Treaty of Greenville, signed August 3, 1795, with provisions dictated by General Anthony Wayne, established a definite boundary between Indian lands and those opened to settlement. The treaty also provided safety to settlers to encourage their settlement into the Northwest Territory. Many soldiers or their heirs refused to move to these tracts to take up their claims, as they were too far from zones of settlement. Instead they sold their warrants or locations to speculators for prices as low as ten cents an acre. In the Virginia tract alone, over one million acres was owned by just 24 people. JAMES MADISON (1751-1836), who was known as "The Father of The Constitution", served as fourth U.S. President from 1809-1817. Madison had previously been a delegate to the Continental Congress from Virginia (1780-1783, 1787-1788), a member of the U.S. Constitutional Convention (1787), a U.S. Representative from Virginia (1789-1797) and Thomas Jefferson's Secretary of State (1801-1809). ROBERT SMITH (1757-1842), a veteran of the Revolutionary War, served as President Thomas Jefferson's Secretary of the Navy from 1801-1809 and Madison's Secretary of State from 1809-1811. At his death in 1842, Smith was the last surviving member of the Electoral College that elected George Washington as first U.S. President in 1789. Lightly creased with folds, vertical folds at the "Ja" of James and "M" of Madison and 1 nicks the "R" of Smith's signature. Slightly soiled and stained. Otherwise, fine condition. Framed in the Gallery of History style: 23x20¼.

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