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JAMES MADISON, CO-SIGNED BY: EDWARD TIFFIN Land grant for section of land in the Northwest Territory, signed by President James Madison and Edward Tiffin and issued during the War of 1812 Land grant signed "James Madison" as fourth U.S.

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Land grant for section of land in the Northwest Territory, signed by President James Madison and Edward Tiffin and issued during the War of 1812
Land grant signed "James Madison" as fourth U.S. President and "Edward Tiffin" as Commissioner of the General Land Office. With black ink notations in lower left corner and partially-erased pencil notations 1 page, 14¾x8¾ vellum, with 2¼-inch paper seal affixed at lower left. Washington, DC, June 4, 1814. Land grant for a section of land in Jeffersonville. In part: "Know ye, that Alexander McKay of Kentucky having deposited in the Treasury a certificate of the Register of the land office at Jeffersonville whereby it appears that full payment has been made for the southwest quarter of section Three of Township Four (north of the base line) in range Nine (east of the second principal meridian) of the lands directed to be sold at Jeffersonville by the act of Congress entitled 'An act providing for the sale of the lands of the United States in the Territory north west of the Ohio, and above the mouth of Kentucky river,' and of the acts amendatory of the same, There is granted, by the United States, unto the said Alexander McKay the quarter lot or section of Land above described..." It's unclear which Jeffersonville is referenced here. The First Federal Land Office was established in 1801 to handle the distribution of property in the Northwest Territory, which could be sold or given away as land grants. The Northwest Territory comprised land that later became Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin and part of Minnesota. MADISON issued this land grant during the War of 1812. MADISON (1751-1836, born in Port Conway, Virginia), America's fourth President (1809-1817), had a mixed record as chief executive, suffering the indignity of having his White House burned by British troops, but his contribution to American liberty is enormous. A veteran of the Virginia legislature and the Continental Congress, Madison earned the sobriquet "Father of the Constitution" for his role in the shaping of that document. (His thorough notes on the Constitutional Convention, deliberately withheld until 1840 when all participants were dead, is our principal source of information on its debates) He wrote at least 26 of the "Federalist Papers", the lucid expositions on the advantages of a federal system, which proved invaluable in securing the ratification of the Constitution in the state conventions by demonstrating that individual rights could be protected within a strong federal government. He was equally responsible, as a Congressional leader, for adoption of the Bill of Rights. As leader of the emerging Democratic-Republican Party in the federal Congress, and as Secretary of State (1801-1809) as well as President, he was among the most important of the "Founding Fathers." Tiffin (1766-1829, born in Carlisle, England) served as Commissioner of the General Land Office from 1812 to1814, when he exchanged offices with Josiah Meigs and became surveyor general of the Northwest Territory. He was also president of the convention that formed Ohio's constitution in 1802, was governor from 1803 to 1807 and was a United States Senator from Ohio from 1807 to 1809. Lightly toned, soiled, spotted, stained, foxed and creased. Edges are irregular. Page folded five times vertically and thrice horizontally and unfolded. Otherwise in fine condition.

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