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PRESIDENT JAMES MADISON - MILITARY APPOINTMENT SIGNED 02/01/1813 CO-SIGNED BY: BRIGADIER GENERAL JOHN ARMSTRONG JR. - HFSID 72625

 
JAMES MADISON and JOHN ARMSTRONG. Partly Printed DS: "James Madison" as President and "J. Armstrong" as Secretary of War, 1p, 15½x9¾. Washington, 1813 February 1. Appointment of Alexander Denniston as "a Lieutenant Colonel of Volunteers...conformably to the provisions of the acts of Congress of the sixth of February and sixth of July, one thousand eight hundred and twelve...that he is to observe and obey the orders of the President of the United States, and of the officers set over him, according to the rules and discipline of war...." On February 6, 1812, Congress had ordered the creation of a volunteer army of 50,000 men. Britain's continued impressment of American seamen, interference with American trade and blockading of American ports led President MADISON to ask Congress for a Declaration of War on June 4, 1812. Three days after his message, the House of Representatives voted 79-49 to declare war. On June 18th, the U.S. Senate voted 19-13 in support of Madison's request and the War of 1812 officially began. There were only 7,000 men in the regular army at the time and despite its action to raise additional troops, Congress was reluctant to spend funds to arm and equip the volunteer forces. Volunteers were often poorly fed and clothed; some of those stationed along the Canadian-American border went without overcoats in the frigid winter weather. The First Session of the 12th Congress adjourned on July 6, 1812. On that day, President Madison signed into law an "Act for the Safe Keeping and Accommodation of Prisoners of War". It was thought, evidently, that all the appointments under these acts were to have been made in 1812, so this document was preprinted at the bottom with the year "twelve"; it has been crossed out and replaced with "Thirteen". William Eustis had served as Secretary of War throughout Madison's first term from 1809 until December 31, 1812. Secretary of State James Monroe then acted as Secretary of War until JOHN ARMSTRONG's appointment on January 13, 1813. Government records state that Armstrong entered upon his duties on February 5, 1813. This document was signed by President Madison on February 1st, so Armstrong most probably signed it on his first day in office. Lightly stained. Folds, 2 small tears at crossfolds. 1-inch separation below seal, all intact. Nicked, worn edges. Tape remnant stains on verso inexpertly repair 2¾-inch tear which touches "m" in James and shows through to front including area behind "James" of Madison's signature. Full paper seal at left.


For more documents by these signers click the names below:

PRESIDENT JAMES MADISON   BRIGADIER GENERAL JOHN ARMSTRONG JR.  


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PRESIDENT JAMES MADISON
Born: March 16, 1751 in Port Conway, Virginia Colony
Died: June 28, 1836 in Orange, Virginia





BRIGADIER GENERAL JOHN ARMSTRONG JR.
Born: November 25, 1758 in Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Died: April 1, 1843 in Red Hook, New York





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