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JAMES MADISON and WILLIAM EUSTIS 1812 Appointment of an Ensign of infantry. Partly Printed DS: "James Madison" as fourth U.S. President and "W. Eustis" as Secretary of War, 13¼x9¼. Washington, 1812 November 1.

Sale Price $1,615.00

Reg. $1,900.00

Condition: fine condition
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1812 Appointment of an Ensign of infantry.
Partly Printed DS: "James Madison" as fourth U.S. President and "W. Eustis" as Secretary of War, 13¼x9¼. Washington, 1812 November 1.In full: "Know Ye, That reposing special trust and confidence in the patriotism, valor, fidelity and abilities of Jacob Bailey - I have appointed him Ensign of Infantry of Volunteers in the service of the United States, conformably to the provisions of the acts of Congress of the sixth of February and sixth of July, one thousand eight hundred and twelve. He is therefore carefully and diligently to discharge the duty of Ensign of Infantry of Volunteers, by doing and performing all manner of things thereunto belonging; and he is to observe and obey the orders of the President of the United States, and of the officers set over him, according to the rules and discipline of war. And I do strictly charge and require all officers and soldiers under his command to be obedient to his orders." On February 6, 1812, Congress had ordered the creation of a volunteer army of 50,000 men. Britain's continued impressment of American seamen, interference with American trade and blockading of American ports led President Madison to ask Congress for a Declaration of War on June 4, 1812. Three days after his message, the House of Representatives voted 79-49 to declare war. On June 18th, the U.S. Senate voted 19-13 in support of Madison's request and the War of 1812 officially began. There were only 7,000 men in the regular army at the time and despite its action to raise additional troops, Congress was reluctant to spend funds to arm and equip the volunteer forces. Volunteers were often poorly fed and clothed; some of those stationed along the Canadian-American border went without overcoats in the frigid winter weather. Bailey may have beenJacob Bailey (1786-1872) of Newport, Kentucky who helped severely wounded Colonel Richard M. Johnson of the Kentucky Volunteers (later Van Buren's Vice President) off the battlefield after he supposedly killed Indian Chief Tecumseh in the Battle of the Thames in 1813. William Eustis was appointed Secretary of War by President Madison on March 7, 1809 and served until December 31, 1812. He was replaced by Secretary of State James Monroe, who acted as Secretary of War ad interim until John Armstrong assumed his duties on February 5, 1813. 2¼-inch diameter stained paper seal affixed at lower left with red wax. Light vertical fold through "J" of signature, blot on "a" of "James". Lightly stained, holes at cross folds, one affects one printed word. 1½-inch vertical separation from bottom edge affects one printed word. Overall, fine condition.

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