PRESIDENT JAMES MONROE - LAND GRANT SIGNED 05/01/1823 CO-SIGNED BY: ASSOCIATE JUSTICE JOHN MCLEAN - HFSID 30557
Sale Price $1,105.00
JAMES MONROE and JOHN McLEAN
Land Grant in Alabama, signed as President and by McLean as land commissioner in 1823. Documents containing signatures of a President and of a (future) Supreme Court Justice are rare and desirable!
Land Grant signed: "James Monroe" as President, "John McLean" as Commissioner of the General Land Office, 1 page, 16¼x9½ on vellum paper. Washington, D.C., 1823 May 1. Whereas Benjamin Madison of Jefferson County has deposited a certificate of registration at the land office at Tuscaloosa, Alabama and made payment in full, he is granted ownership of a plot of land designated in this document, in accordance with the Land Act of 1820. (The Land Act of 1820 reduced the price of an acre of land purchased from the US government from $2.00 to $1.25, but required payment in cash, not on credit.) JAMES MONROE (1758-1831, born in Westmoreland County, Virginia) was fifth U.S. President (1817-1825). He served as President James Madison's Secretary of State from 1811 to 1817 and concurrently served as Secretary of War from October 1814 to March 1815. Monroe had previously served in the Virginia state House of Delegates, the U.S. Congress (1789-1794) and as Governor of Virginia (1799-1802, 1811). He had also been U.S. Minister to both France (1794-1796) and Great Britain (1803-1807). Seven months after he signed this Land Grant, on December 2, 1823, Monroe announced his famous "Monroe Doctrine," declaring that the Americas were not open to further colonization by European powers!JOHN McLEAN had been appointed Commissioner by President Monroe on September 11, 1822, two months before signing this land grant. In 1823, Monroe appointed him Postmaster General. McLean held that position through 1829 when President Jackson appointed him Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court where he served until his death in 1861.He wrote a vigorous dissent from the Dred Scott decision of 1857. McLean was second to John C. Frémont in the voting for the presidential nomination at the first Republican National Convention in 1856 and also received votes at the 1860 convention at which Lincoln was nominated. Official documents bearing the signatures of both a U.S. President and a Supreme Court Justice are virtually non-existent and extremely desirable. Vertical fold creased. 1x2 notch at top edge of right fold. 2" notch at upper left edge. Creased, soiled and toned.
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