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JAMES MONROE, CO-SIGNED BY: RICHARD RUSH and DAVID GELSTON Ships' papers signed in 1817 by President James Monroe, Secretary of State Richard Rush and Collector for the Port of New York David Gelston

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Reg. $1,800.00

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Ships' papers signed in 1817 by President James Monroe, Secretary of State Richard Rush and Collector for the Port of New York David Gelston
Ships papers signed "James Monroe" as President, "Richard Rush, acting" asSecretary of State and "David Gelston Collector" as Collectorfor the Port of New York. 1 page, 10½x14½, on vellum, scalloped top edge. 2¾-inch diameter seal near bottom left corner. April 26, 1817. Ships' papers for "the Brig Ohio of New York - Ezekiel Carmen, master or commander of the burthen of One hundred ninety one & 85/95 tons or thereabouts mounted with no guns navigated with Ten men To Pass with her Company Passengers Goods and Merchandize without any hinderance seisure or molestation the said Brig appearing by good testimony to belong to one or more of the Citizens of the United States and to him or them only." JAMES MONROE (1758-1831), who would succeed President James Madison as fifth U.S. President (1817-1825), was Madison's Secretary of State from 1811 to 1817 and concurrently served as Secretary of War from October of 1814 to March of 1815. Monroe had previously served in the Virginia state House of Delegates, the U. S. Congress (1789-1794) and as Governor of Virginia (1799-1802, 1811). Ironically, he had also been U. S. Minister to both France (1794-1796) and Great Britain (1803-1807). RICHARD RUSH (1780-1859) was the son of Dr. Benjamin Rush, a signer of the Declaration of Independence. He was Attorney General of Pennsylvania (1811) before serving as U. S. Attorney General under Presidents James Madison and James Monroe (1814-1817). He was also Monroe's Secretary of State ad interim from March 10, 1817 until Sept. 21, 1817, while newly appointed Secretary of State John Q. Adams was in England. As Secretary of State ad interim, Rush negotiated the Rush-Bagot Treaty with Great Britain, which demilitarized the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain and limited the number of naval vessels there and internal waterways leading to the lakes. When Adams became President in 1825, Rush was appointed Secretary of the Treasury, serving until 1829. He was also U. S. Minister to Great Britain (1817-1825) and France (1847-1849). As U. S. Minister to Great Britain, Rush negotiated the Anglo-American Convention of 1818, which set the U. S./Canadian border between the Lake of the Woods in Minnesota and the Rocky Mountains at the 49th parallel and allowed for joint settlement of the Oregon Territory by the U. S. and Great Britain for 10 years. In 1836, Rush secured a bequest from James Smithsonian in Great Britain for over half a million dollars, which was used to establish the Smithsonian Institution. DAVID GELSTON (1771-1836) was a merchant and prominent figure in New York politics. He served as Collector of the Port of New York (1801-1820), Surrogatefor the County of New York (1787-1801) and a New York delegate to the last session of the Continental Congress (1789). Gelston was also a member of the New York state assembly (1777-1785) and state senate (1791-1794, 1798 and 1802), as well as a member of the New York State constitutional convention (1777). Lightly toned, stained, worn, soiled and creased. Pen skipped while writing Monroe's signature, which is legible. Gelston's signature and manuscript writing has bled lightly but is legible. Two areas of paper loss near top edge. Nicked, torn edges at left. Folded in ninths and unfolded. Otherwise in fine condition.

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