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PRESIDENT PORFIRIO DIAZ (MEXICO) - DOCUMENT SIGNED 02/17/1909 CO-SIGNED BY: ANDRES ALDASORO ESPINOZA, GERONIMO PERALES, E MARTINEZ BACA, LUIS MARTINEZ GUZMAN - HFSID 265094

PORFIRIO DIAZ, ANDRES ALDASORO, GERONIMO PERALES, E MARTINEZ BACA and LUIS MARTINEZ GUZMAN The controversial Mexican president and members of his cabinet sign the property title of the mine "Plata Blanca" in the Mexican State of Chihuahua Manuscript Letter Signed:

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PORFIRIO DIAZ, ANDRES ALDASORO, GERONIMO PERALES, E MARTINEZ BACA and LUIS MARTINEZ GUZMAN

The controversial Mexican president and members of his cabinet sign the property title of the mine "Plata Blanca" in the Mexican State of Chihuahua

Manuscript Letter Signed: "Porfirio Diaz", "Andres Aldasoro", "Geronimo Perales", "E Martinez Baca" and "Luis Martinez Guzman" in iron gall ink. 11½x17. Three pages. Dated: February 17, 1909. One Page. Fully Translated in English: "Title number 45659. Porfirio Diaz. Constitutional President of the United States of Mexico, whoever reads this document must know that: In accordance with the sixth article of the mining law of the United States of Mexico and due to the fulfilment of the requirements for the said law and its rule of June 25, 1892, in the file made by the Mining Agency in Hidalgo del Parral due to the request of Mr. S.M.Mc.Cord about twenty belongings to form the mine of gold, silver and lead called "Plata Blanca", located in the west side of Zaragoza town, District of Hidalgo, State of Chihuahua, with twenty acres surface, and linking with the following mines: North, "Las Carolinas" and free land; East, "Santa Ana" and for the other sides just free land according to the file number three thousand and two hundred five which copy is in the Development Secretary, and which original is in the Mining Agency in Hidalgo del Panal. I have decided to issue this title that assures the property of the mine of gold, silver and lead, with twenty acres surface, called "Plata Blanca", without having any other person who claims it. For that, I order the authorities of the State of Chihuahua and to all the other ones in the Republic to not balk Mr. S.M. Mc. Cord in the propriety that he just acquired, and to keep him in free dominium and possession of it, he must have to obey de mining law of the Unites States of Mexico. Issue in the Federal Government Palace of Mexico, February 17, 1909. Porfirio Diaz. Andres Aldasoro, Geronimo Perales, E Martinez Baca, Luis Martinez Guzman". JOSE DE LA CRUZ PORFIRIO DIAZ MORI (1830-1915) was the 29th President of Mexico, who served seven terms totaling three and a half decades between 1876 and 1911. Even though he had started his preparation to become a priest, he found out that his real vocation was the military and became a soldier and lawyer. As a veteran of the Reform War and the French intervention in Mexico, he rose to the rank of General, leading republican troops against Emperor Maximilian of Habsburg. Mexican historians have called his presidential term Porfiriato. Porfirio Diaz is a controversial historical figure, some consider him a heartless villain and others a man who did not hesitate to impose order and progress in the country. His presidency term is known for the enormous internal stability known as "paz porfiriana", modernization and economic growth. Even though Porfirio Diaz made a heavy investment in mining and railways from American and British business his regime grew unpopular due to repression and political stagnation. Furthermore because his economic policies helped a few wealthy land owners to acquire huge areas of land that left rural farming peasants unable to make a living, thus resulting in few jobs and very low wages for the growing working population of Mexico. All of that directly originated the Mexican Revolution which main purpose was to remove him from power after he imprisoned his electoral rival and declared himself the winner of an eight term in office. Fearing for his life, he and his wife escaped to France, where he died in exile for years later. He is buried in Montparnasse cemetery in Paris. Even though in recent years some historians have started a deep re-analysis of his legacy and recognized the progress he brought to Mexico, some still considering him a dictator and proof of it is that his remains have not been returned to Mexico. ANDRES ALDASORO ESPINOZA was a Mexican Mining Engineer who worked as director of several mines during the presidency of Porfirio Diaz. Andres was the director of the Mines "Las Dos Estrellas" in Tlalpujahua in the State of Michoacan, "Purisima Grande" in Real del Monte in the State of Hidalgo and "San Andres de la Sierra" in the State of Durango. Aldasoro Espinoza carried out feasibility studies for the mine "La Dificultad".  During the last stages of General Porfirio Diaz, he became Subsecretary of Promotion. He was considered as "an efficient collaborator…who has had a brilliant career, is much esteemed in Germany, and is an expert on mining subjects, as was shown when he conducted the negotiations as to San Andres de la Sierra, Durango". He is the father of the Air Pilots members of the Early Birds of Aviation, Juan Pablo Aldasoro and Eduardo Aldasoro Suarez. GERONIMO PERALES was in the military during the presidency of General Porfirio Diaz. E MARTINEZ BACA was the secretary of President Porfirio Diaz. LUIS MARTINEZ GUZMAN was a government employee during the presidency of General Porfirio Diaz. Co-signers merit for further research. Selaed. Fragile. Vertical and horizontal folds. Slightly soiled and toned. Staple marks at vertical fold. Two 2¾x½-inch mounting paper remnants at top of 3rd page. Pencil and pen notations throughout (unknown hand). Otherwise, fine condition.

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