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The controversial Mexican President, remembered for his advocacy of foreign investment, signs this property title in favor of Mr. Harry Johnson over the mine of gold “Socorro no. 3” in the State of Baja California. It is co-signed by government employees. Also included is an original map of the said mine. A document set of historical interest!

Document Signed: “Porfirio Diaz”, “Leandro Fernandez Imas”, “Gilberto Crespo Y Martinez” and “E. Martinez Baca” in iron gall ink. 10½x16 folded, 21x16 flat. Three Pages. Dated: October 26, 1897. Fully Translated in English:Title number 6953. Porfirio Diaz. Constitutional President of the United States of Mexico, whoever read this document must know that: Under the precepts in Article 6 of Mining Act of the United States of Mexico, and since the requirements in its Regulation of June 25, 1892 have been met, in the file made by the Mining Agency in Ensenada de Todos Santos in response to the request of Mr. Harry Johnson regarding the mine of gold called “Socorro no. 3” located in the Mineral of Socorro in the west falls in the Sierra of San Pedro Martir, in Ensenada de Todos Santos, North District in Baja California, with a surface of eight acres, and bordering in the North with the mine “Placeres del Socorro” , and with empty land everywhere else; that according with the map that accompanies this title and also for the file of the document, which copy is in the Secretary of Development, and original in the Mining Agency of Ensenada de Todos Santos, Baja California. I have decided to issue this title that assures the property of the gold mine called “Socorro no. 3”, with a surface of eight acres, without affecting any third person. Therefore, I order the authorities in Baja California and to the rest in the Republic to not balk Mr. Harry Johnson in the property he has just acquired, nay to keep him in good control of it and with the obligation to obey the mining law of the United Sates of Mexico. Written at Federal Government Palace. Mexico, October 26, 1897Porfirio Diaz. Leandro Fernandez Imas. Title of property of the mine “Socorro no. 3”, with a surface of eight acres in favor of Mr. Harry Johnson. Record taken in Mexico on October 27, 1897. Gilberto Crespo y Martinez. Taken on page 100 of the book. Mexico, October 27, 1897. The Chief of Section 3. E. Martinez Baca.JOSE DE LA CRUZ PORFIRIO DIAZ MORI (1830-1915) was the 29th President of Mexico, who served seven terms totaling three and a half decades between 1876 and 1911. Even though he had started his preparation to become a priest, he found out that his real vocation was the military and became a soldier and lawyer. As a veteran of the Reform War and the French intervention in Mexico, he rose to the rank of General, leading republican troops against Emperor Maximilian of Habsburg. Mexican historians have called his presidential term Porfiriato. Porfirio Diaz is a controversial historical figure, some consider him a heartless villain and others a man who did not hesitate to impose order and progress in the country. His presidency term is known for the enormous internal stability known as “paz porfiriana”, modernization and economic growth. Even though Porfirio Diaz made a heavy investment in mining and railways from American and British business his regime grew unpopular due to repression and political stagnation. Furthermore because his economic policies helped a few wealthy land owners to acquire huge areas of land that left rural farming peasants unable to make a living, thus resulting in few jobs and very low wages for the growing working population of Mexico. All of that directly originated the Mexican Revolution which main purpose was to remove him from power after he imprisoned his electoral rival and declared himself the winner of an eight term in office. Fearing for his life, he and his wife escaped to France, where he died in exile for years later. He is buried in Montparnasse cemetery in Paris. Even though in recent years some historians have started a deep re-analysis of his legacy and recognized the progress he brought to Mexico, some still considering him a dictator and proof of it is that his remains have not been returned to Mexico. LEANDRO FERNANDEZ IMAS (1851-1924) was a very important Mexican engineer, scientist and politician. He was born in Nombre de Dios, Durango in 1851. He studied in the National School of Engineers, in the Commerce School and in the National Conservatory. He graduated from the first one as a Topographical Engineer, Civil Engineer and Geographical Engineer,.His studies about mathematics, astronomy, geodesy and topography caught the attention of minister Manuel Fernandez Leal. He was designed as professor of Geodesy and Astronomy and multiple times the students of the National School of Engineers requested him as professor of Calculus, Probabilities, Theory of Errors and Mathematical Physics; he was also director of the school. He traveled to the United States to specialize and after his arrival in Mexico he was designed Director of the Astronomic Observatory in Palace; he also represented Mexico in two astronomic congresses in the U.S. During the Presidency of General Porfirio Diaz he served as Secretary of Communications and Public Works in Mexico, Secretary of Foment, Colonization and Industry in Mexico and from 1897 to 1898 he served as Governor of the State of Durango. GILBERTO CRESPO Y MARTINEZ was a government employee during the Presidency of General Porfirio Diaz. E. MARTINEZ BACA was a government employee during the Presidency of General Porfirio Diaz. Co-signers merit for further research. Affixed with multiple approval paper and ink stamps in first page's top margin, as well as 3 pages right margin. National Palace, Mexico City, Mexico. Also included is an original 9x13 copy of the map displaying the exact area (Socorro No. 3) that is to be mined (Normal folds, irregularly cut, fine condition). Document allowing mining rights to Mr. Harry Johnson in the San Pedro de Martir Mountains in Baja California. Toned. Normal fold through center. Slightly stained throughout. Ink spots throughout. Slight tear along edges. Otherwise, fine condition.

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Born: September 15, 1830 in Oaxaca, Mexico
Died: July 2, 1915 in Paris, France

Born: February 27, 1851 in Nombre de Dios, Durango, Mexico
Died: Circa 1924 in Mexico City, Mexico

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