PRESIDENT PORFIRIO DIAZ (MEXICO) - MANUSCRIPT LETTER SIGNED 09/29/1895 - HFSID 155424
Sale Price $510.00
The controversial Mexican president pens a beautifully sealed letter to thank lawyer Francisco Alfaro for congratulating him on his birthday
Manuscript Letter Signed: “Porfirio Diaz” in iron gall ink. 5¼x8¼. Dated: September 20, 1895. One Page. Fully Translated into English: “Mexico, September 20, 1895. Lawyer Francisco Alfaro. Present. Dear friend: I'm glad to communicate you my thankfulness for your kind congratulation on my birthday. Your friend, Porfirio Diaz”. JOSE DE LA CRUZ PORFIRIO DIAZ MORI (1830-1915) was the 29th President of Mexico, who served seven terms totaling three and a half decades between 1876 and 1911. Even though he had started his preparation to become a priest, he found out that his real vocation was the military and became a soldier and lawyer. As a veteran of the Reform War and the French intervention in Mexico, he rose to the rank of General, leading republican troops against Emperor Maximilian of Habsburg. Mexican historians have called his presidential term Porfiriato. Porfirio Diaz is a controversial historical figure, some consider him a heartless villain and others a man who did not hesitate to impose order and progress in the country. His presidency term is known for the enormous internal stability known as “paz porfiriana”, modernization and economic growth.Even though Porfirio Diaz made a heavy investment in mining and railways from American and British business his regime grew unpopular due to repression and political stagnation. Furthermore because his economic policies helped a few wealthy landowners to acquire huge areas of land that left rural farming peasants unable to make a living, thus resulting in few jobs and very low wages for the growing working population of Mexico. All of that directly originated the Mexican Revolutionwhich main purpose was to remove him from power after he imprisoned his electoral rival and declared himself the winner of an eight term in office.Fearing for his life, he and his wife escaped to France, where he died in exile for years later. He is buried in Montparnasse cemetery in Paris. Even though in recent years some historians have started a deep re-analysis of his legacy and recognized the progress he brought to Mexico, some still considering him a dictator and proof of it is that his remains have not been returned to Mexico. Fragile. Sealed. Normal mailing folds. Slightly toned and soiled. Otherwise, fine condition.
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