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PRESIDENT RICHARD M. NIXON - TYPED LETTER SIGNED 12/04/1970 - HFSID 217399

RICHARD NIXON Nixon signed this letter two days after the creation of the EPA, thanking a senator for supporting Nixon's appointee to that agency's Administrator post. Typed letter signed: "RN" by Nixon as United States president.

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RICHARD NIXON
Nixon signed this letter two days after the creation of the EPA, thanking a senator for supporting Nixon's appointee to that agency's Administrator post.
Typed letter signed: "RN" by Nixon as United States president. 1 page, 6½x8¾, on White House stationery with embossed Great Seal of the United States. December 4, 1970. Addressed to Honorable Jennings Randolph, Chairman, Committee on Public Works, United Sates Senate, Washington, DC. In full: "Dear Jennings: I have learned from my staff of your fine assistance in getting William D. Ruckelshaus confirmed as Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, and of your support for the appropriations for the SST. Your efforts in behalf [sic] of these two legislative items, as well as your continued cooperative spirit, are deeply appreciated. With warm personal regards, Sincerely,". This letter comes at an important time in the federal government's relation with the natural environment. The law creating the federal Environmental Protection Agency was signed by Nixon on Dec. 2, 1970, two days before this letter was signed, and Ruckelshaus was the first head of that agency. 1970 was a watershed year for the United State's relationship with the natural environment. Congress had sent Nixon their National Environmental Policy Act the previous year. Nixon responded in 1970 by making environmental activism a speaking point in his State of the Union address and, in Feb. 22, introduced a 37-point environmental action plan. Exactly two months later, America celebrated its first Earth Day, on April 22. The outpouring of public support for protecting the nation's natural environment convinced Nixon of the need for a federal "Environmental Protection Agency", which was created later that year. Ruckelshaus (born 1932 in Indianapolis, Indiana) had been appointed Assistant Attorney General in charge of the federal Department of Justice's Civil Division in 1969 before he was appointed first head of the EPA. He was responsible for enforcing 1970's Clean Air Act and 1972's Federal Environmental Pesticide Control Act, and he also instituted a ban on the insecticide DDT. He was appointed director of the FBI and Deputy Attorney General of the DOJ in 1973. The two refused to fire Archibald Cox, special prosecutor into the Watergate scandal, which led to Nixon firing them, an incident that came to be called the "Saturday Night Massacre". NIXON (1913-1994) was elected 37th President of the United States in 1968 after representing California in the U.S. House of Representatives (1947-1951) and Senate (1951-53) and serving two terms as Dwight D. Eisenhower's Vice President. He lost (1960), then won, extremely close Presidential elections (facing John F. Kennedy and Hubert Humphrey, respectively), then won re-election by a landslide against George McGovern in 1972. His re-election triumph rapidly turned sour, however, as the burgeoning Watergate scandal claimed more and more of his key aides and finally compelled his own resignation in the face of a possible impeachment. On September 8, 1974, he received a blanket pardon from President Ford for any crimes he may have committed against the United States while President. A pragmatic conservative who gained an early reputation as an anti-communist but achieved diplomatic triumphs in relations with China and the Soviet Union, Nixon was a prolific writer in retirement, repairing his reputation and hastening his emergence as an elder statesman. RANDOLPH (1902-1998, born in Salem, West Virginia), a Democrat, served as U.S. Senator from West Virginia from 1958-1985. From 1965-1977, he served as Chairman of the Senate Committee on Public Works and from 1977-1981 as Chairman of its successor, the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works. Fold crease not near signature. Fine condition.

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