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PRESIDENT RUTHERFORD B. HAYES - CIVIL APPOINTMENT SIGNED 02/12/1878 CO-SIGNED BY: WILLIAM M. EVARTS - HFSID 41912

RUTHERFORD B. HAYES and WILLIAM M. EVARTS. Partly Printed DS: "R. B. Hayes" as 19th U.S. President and "Wm M. Evarts" as Secretary of State, 1p, 17¼x13½. City of Washington, 1878 February 12.

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RUTHERFORD B. HAYES and WILLIAM M. EVARTS. Partly Printed DS: "R. B. Hayes" as 19th U.S. President and "Wm M. Evarts" as Secretary of State, 1p, 17¼x13½. City of Washington, 1878 February 12. President Hayes appoints a Commissioner to the International Industrial Exposition to be held in Paris that year. In part: "That reposing special trust and confidence in the Integrity and Ability of Thomas E. Jenkins, of Kentucky, I do appoint him a Commissioner to the International Industrial Exposition to be held in Paris in eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, and do authorize and empower him to execute and fulfill the duties of that appointment according to law, and to have and to hold the said appointment, with all the privileges and emoluments thereunto of right appertaining unto him the said Thomas E. Jenkins, as such Commissioner...." The exposition mentioned in this document was the Exposition Universelle, held in Paris from May 1-October 31, 1878. This was the third major exposition to be held in the city, which had hosted similar events in 1855 and 1867. Republican Governor RUTHERFORD B. HAYES (1822-1893) of Ohio, served as 19th U.S. President (1877-1881) after defeating Democratic Governor Samuel J. Tilden of New York in the closest election in U.S. history. In an election where 20 disputed electoral votes eventually went to Hayes (Florida's four, Louisiana's eight, South Carolina's seven and one from Oregon), the Republican won 185-184 in the electoral college. Tilden had more popular votes (4.3 million to 4.0 million) but Hayes won more states, 21-17. Hayes declined to run for a second term in 1880. WILLIAM M. EVARTS (1818-1901) was Secretary of State during Hayes' entire term. His major achievement was skillfully negotiating the Treaty of 1880, curbing Chinese immigration without alienating the Chinese government. He had earlier served as President Andrew Johnson's Chief Counsel in his impeachment trial proceedings in 1868 (ironically, a century later, Evarts' great-grandson, Archibald Cox, was appointed and later fired as Watergate Special Prosecutor by President Nixon). After Johnson was acquitted by one vote, he appointed Evarts as Attorney General (1868-1869). 3-inch diameter paper seal affixed at lower left. Lightly creased with folds, not at signatures. Two ½-inch and two ¼-inch separations at horizontal fold, pinholes at left and right cross-folds, pinhole at blank area at left vertical fold. Shaded at some folds. Overall, fine condition. Framed in the Gallery of History style: 35½x24¾.

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