PRESIDENT RUTHERFORD B. HAYES - ENDORSEMENT SIGNED 08/27/1877 CO-SIGNED BY: C. W. MUSGRAVE - HFSID 57240
Sale Price $1,020.00
RUTHERFORD B. HAYES
Customs clerk who desires a new job tells President Hayes to ask Collector Arthur about his record as a clerk; eleven months later, Hayes removes Arthur for mismanagement.
Manuscript Endorsement signed: "R.B. Hayes" as 19th U.S. President. Executive Mansion, Washington, 1877 August 27. Penned on 3½x8 filing portion on verso of ALS to him: "C.W. Musgrave", 1p, 8x10. Custom House, New York City, Surveyor's Office, 1877 August 2. Musgrave's letter to Hayes, in full: "I respectfully request that upon the reorganization of the Weighers Department at this post, I may receive therein a position other than that of 'Assistant Weigher'. In making this application, I would refer to the Collector for my record during the last five years as Clerk in the Weighers Department." Hayes' endorsement: "I will be glad if the wishes of the writer can be gratified, without injustice to others, and consistently with the good of the service." The Collector of Customs of the Port of New York since November 24, 1871 was Chester A. Arthur, appointed by President Grant. In his inaugural address delivered on March 5, 1877, President Hayes announced he would effect "a change in the system of appointment" to civil service jobs. Hayes committed himself to making appointments on merit rather than political favoritism. On April 14th, a commission was appointed to investigate the Custom's House in New York and during the ensuing summer, made four reports criticizing the management of the Custom House. Secretary of the Treasury John Sherman requested Arthur to resign, accompanying his request with the offer of a diplomatic appointment, but Arthur refused. The investigations continued, and on July 11, 1878, Arthur was removed as Collector by Executive Order of President Hayes. Endorsement side is lightly soiled, stained and creased (not at signature). Letter side shows tape remnants at left edge, is lightly creased and nicked at edges at horizontal folds.
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