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PRESIDENT THEODORE ROOSEVELT - MANUSCRIPT DOCUMENT SIGNED CIRCA 1885 CO-SIGNED BY: JUSTIN McCARTHY, EDGAR FAWCETT, J. OSBORNE BAKER, AUSTIN DOBSON, SIR WALTER BESANT, MORTON Q. THAXTER, JAMES N. WILDER, THOMAS D. HINKLEY, GEORGE EATON, JAMES S. BAKER, SYDNEY HOWARD GAY, NOAH BROOKS, ALBION W. TOURGEE, GEORGE PARSONS LATHROP, WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON, SENATOR JOHN J. INGALLS, EDWARD EVERETT HALE, HEZEKIAH BUTTERWORTH, HENRY GEORGE - HFSID 40816

THEODORE ROOSEVELT, WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON, EDWARD EVERETT HALE, HENRY GEORGE, HEZEKIAH BUTTERWORTH, JUSTIN HUNTLEY MCCARTHY, JOHN JAMES INGALLS, GEORGE PARSONS LATHROP, EDGAR FAWCETT, AUSTIN DOBSON, SIR WALTER BESANT, NOAH BROOKS, SYDNEY HOWARD GAY, JAMES S. BAKER, MORTON Q. THAXTER, JAMES N. WILDER, THOMAS D.

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Condition: lightly soiled
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THEODORE ROOSEVELT, WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON, EDWARD EVERETT HALE, HENRY GEORGE, HEZEKIAH BUTTERWORTH, JUSTIN HUNTLEY MCCARTHY, JOHN JAMES INGALLS, GEORGE PARSONS LATHROP, EDGAR FAWCETT, AUSTIN DOBSON, SIR WALTER BESANT, NOAH BROOKS, SYDNEY HOWARD GAY, JAMES S. BAKER, MORTON Q. THAXTER, JAMES N. WILDER, THOMAS D. HINKLEY, GEORGE EATON, ALBION WINEGAR TOURGEE and J. OSBORNE BAKER
Twenty prominent American and British figures of the late 19th century organizing themselves into The Captain Rice Club sign a roster
Manuscript Document Signed: "Theodore Roosevelt", "William Lloyd Garrison", "Edward Everett Hale", "Henry George", "Hezekiah Butterworth", "Justin Huntley McCarthy", "John James Ingalls", "George Parsons Lathrop", "Edgar Fawcett", "Austin Dobson", "Sir Walter Besant", "Noah Brooks", "Sidney Howard Gay", "James S. Baker", "Morton Q. Thaxter", "James N. Wilder", "Thomas D. Hinkley", "George Eaton", "Albion Winegar Tourgee" and "J. Osborne Baker", 1 page, 7½x12. In full: "We the subscribers hereby organize ourselves into a society to be called by the name of 'The Captain Rice Club', to meet annually on the evening of the last Tuesday of August."  THEODORE ROOSEVELT (1858-1919) is one of America's most well-known and flamboyant presidents. Roosevelt's heroism in the Spanish-American War, where he earned the Medal of Honor for leading his volunteer "Rough Riders" in a charge up San Juan Hill (1898), helped him win the governorship of New York the next year. Elected Vice President in 1900, Roosevelt assumed the presidency upon President William McKinley's assassination (1901), becoming America's youngest president. He was re-elected in 1904. Roosevelt was the first American to win a Nobel Prize for Peace, receiving the 1906 award for mediating the end of the Russo-Japanese War. Known for his "Speak softly and carry a big stick" foreign policy, Roosevelt settled the Canadian-Alaskan boundary dispute in 1903 and initiated construction of the Panama Canal in 1904. He converted more than 125 million acres of land into national forests and was a staunch advocate of antitrust legislation. After failing to secure the Republican nomination, he run as the Progressive ("Bull Moose") candidate in the famous presidential contest of 1912. He lost to Democrat Woodrow Wilson, but he secured more votes than incumbent William Howard Taft, becoming the most successful third-party candidate in recent United States history as of this biography. WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON (1805-1879) was the founder and publisher (1831-1865) of the antislavery journal "The Liberator". In 1833, he founded the American Anti-Slavery Society, serving as its President from 1843-1865. After the Civil War, he campaigned against liquor, prostitution, and injustice in the treatment of Indians, and in favor of woman suffrage. Garrison was a complete social reformer who sought equal rights for all people, no matter their race, religion, or gender. Formerly a pacifist, Garrison supported the Union cause in the Civil War while urging that emancipation, not merely restoration of the Union, be its primary goal. While he did not always agree with his contemporary social reformers (particularly Frederick Douglass and Wendell Phillips, both of whom were close friends), by the time of his death he could look back at their friendships fondly. EDWARD EVERETT HALE (1822-1909) was Pastor of the South Congregational Church in Boston (1856-1901) and Chaplain of the U.S. Senate from 1903 to his death. Hale, a prolific author of both history and popular fiction, is best remember today for his patriotic tale Man Without a Country (1863). American economist and land reformer HENRY GEORGE (1839-1897) is probably best known for the book Progress and Poverty (1877-1879), which advocated a single tax on economic rent, based on unimproved land value, and the abolishment of all other taxes. His other books include Our Land and Land Policy (1871), Progress and Poverty (1877-1879), The Irish Land Question (1881), Social Problems (1883) and Protection or Free Trade (1886). He was the unsuccessful candidate for Mayor of New York City in 1886 and 1897. American HEZEKIAH BUTTERWORTH (1839-1905) was a lecturer and author who discussed topics like education, hymnology, and the international world. Most of his books were written for young boys, such as his Zig-Zag Journeys, the Knight of Liberty, In the Boyhood of Lincoln, and Great Composers. He also wrote for several journals and papers, among them the New York Independent. JUSTIN HUNTLEY MCCARTHY (1830-1912) is an Irish politician who advocated Home Rule as a Member of the British Parliament (1879-1900), was also a prolific journalist, novelist and historian. His most known works include A Fair Saxon (1873), Dear Lady Disdain (1875) and Miss Misanthrope (1878). He also co-authored three books with Rosa Campbell Praed, including their 1886 novel The Right Honourable. JOHN JAMES INGALLS (1833-1900) was a lawyer who settled in Kansas in 1860 and began working to make Kansas a free state. He served as a judge advocate in the Kansas militia during the Civil War and as Republican Senator from Kansas from 1873-1891. From February 25, 1887 to February 19, 1891, he was President Pro Tempore of the Senate. Vice President Thomas A. Hendricks had died on November 25, 1885, so from February 25, 1887 until March 4, 1889, when Levi P. Morton was sworn in as Vice President, Ingalls was the presiding officer of the Senate and used the Vice President's Chamber as his office. Ingalls and his wife had 11 children. Republican George F. Edmunds (1828-1919) represented Vermont in the U.S. Senate from April 3, 1866 until his resignation on Nov. 1, 1891. He served as President Pro Tempore of the Senate from 1883 to 1885 when, with no Vice President after Garfield's assassination, he was next in line to the Presidency. He was also a member of the Electoral Commission that decided the hotly contested election of 1876 - a squeaker with only one electoral vote between Republican victor Rutherford B. Hayes and Democratic Samuel J. Tilden, who won the popular vote. GEORGE PARSONS LATHROP (1851-1898) edited the complete standard edition of the collected works of his father-in-law, Nathaniel Hawthorne. A poet and novelist, whose works also include Rose and Rooftree, Afterglow, A Masque of Poets and In the Distance, Lathrop also campaigned for international protection of copyrights. Versatile American author EDGAR FAWCETT (1847-1904), wrote novels, poems, plays, and even an opera libretto. His most highly regarded novels, such as Purple and Fine Linen (1873) and New York (1898) satirize high society. Other works, like Solarian (1889), anticipate science fiction. Fawcett also wrote many children's stories. His last years were spent in London, where he died in 1904. HENRY AUSTIN DOBSON (1840-1921), commonly Austin Dobson, was an English poet and essayist. His official career was uneventful, but as a poet and biographer he was distinguished; his work has been described by specialists as very mature. It was about 1864 that he turned his attention to writing original prose and verse, and some of his earliest work was his best. WALTER BESANT (1836-1901) was an English novelist and expert on French poetry, especially the works of Rabelais. In 1872, Besant began publishing what were called the Besant-Rice novels, including The Golden Butterfly (1876), with James Rice. Following Rice's death in 1882, Besant wrote a number of novels, historical works and biographies, many of which focused on social problems. His works include All Sorts and Conditions of Men (1882) and Children of Gideon (1886). Besant was knighted in 1895. NOAH BROOKS (1830-1903) was a journalist and editor who worked for newspapers in Sacramento, San Francisco, Newark and New York. He also authored a major biography of President Abraham Lincoln based on close personal observation. SYDNEY HOWARD GAY (1814-1888) was an American journalist and abolitionist who joined the local Antislavery Society, started writing abolitionist articles for the Hingham Patriot, joined William Lloyd Garrison's American Abolition Society and traveled on a One Hundred Convention tour with Frederick Douglass. He moved to New York in 1843 to become a resident editor of the National Anti-Slavery Standard, a post he held for fourteen years; however, he continued to serve on the American Anti-Slavery Society's Executive Board and to aid fugitives from slavery. Afterwards, he accepted the position of assistant to the managing editor and later the managing editor, for Horace Greeley's New York Tribune. Greeley demoted Gay after the war and he resigned. Later, he accepted a job at the Chicago Tribune in 1867, where he remained until after the Great Chicago Fire of 1871. In 1877, Harvard's President and Fellows recognized his accomplishments by awarding him a diploma. In 1884, he completed A Life of James Madison. JAMES S. BAKER. JAMES N. WILDER. MORTON Q. THAXTER. JAMES N. WILDER. THOMAS D. HINKLEY. GEORGE EATON. ALBION WINEGAR TOURGEE (1838-1905) served in the Union Army during the Civil War. Twice wounded severely and once captured and exchanged, he returned to combat at Chickamauga and Chattanooga. After the war he settled in Greensboro, North Carolina, actively supporting Reconstruction as a newspaper editor and superior court judge, receiving many death threats from the Ku Klux Klan. After the end of Reconstruction, he published two memoirs on the subject titled A Fool's Errand and Bricks Without Straw. During this period he lived in Mayville, New York, calling his estate Thorheim. Tourgee was legal counsel for the plaintiff in the landmark segregation case Plessy v Ferguson (1896), coining the phrase color-blind justice. The Supreme Court rejected Tourgee's arguments, enunciating the opposed doctrine of "separate but equal." In 1897, President McKinley appointed him a consular officer in Bordeaux, a post he held until an old Civil War wound finally killed him. J. OSBORNE BAKER. Lightly creased. Folds, mid-horizontal fold through Ingalls' signature, upper horizontal fold touches the upper loops of the "J", "N" and "W" in Wilder's signature, lower horizontal fold through Brooks' signature. ¾-inch separation at blank margin at mid-horizontal fold, slight separation at blank left margin of that fold, 1½-inch separation at blank lower margin at mid-vertical fold. Ink smudged at the second "e" in Tourgee and in Garrison's signature. Lightly soiled and shaded, mostly at blank areas. Otherwise, fine condition.

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