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This diplomatic document dates from the United States' early years. It is addressed to the Citizens Directors of the Republic of Batavia, now the Netherlands, and pertains to resignation of American ambassador William Vans Murray. During the Quasi-War, Murray led peace negotiations with France. A wonderful document linking three historically important Americans
Document signed: "Th. Jefferson" as President of the United States and "James Madison" as Secretary of State. 1 page, 11x18, 1 sheet folded, front and verso, with docketing on verso: "To the Exeuctive Deictroy/of the Batavian Republic". Washington, D.C., May 30, 1801. Titled: "Thomas Jefferson President of the United States of America To the Exceutive Directory of the Batavian Republic". In full: "Citizens Directors The interests of the United States which were committed to the care of William Vans Murray, their Minister Resident near the Bata-vian Republic, admitting of his absence, we have yielded to his request to be permitted to return to America. He will accordingly take his leave of you, and will embrace that occasion to assure you of our friendship and sincere desire to preserve and strengthen the harmony and good understanding so happily subsisting between the Batavian Republic and the United States. We are persuaded he will do this in the manner most expressive of these sentiments, and of the respect and sincerity with which they are offered. We pray God to keep you, Citizens Directors, under his Holy protection." The diplomat mentioned in this document, William Vans Murray, had an important role in the early history of the United States. He was ambassador to the Republic of Batavia, now the Netherlands. President George Washington appointed Murray as ambassador in 1797; he had been a Maryland Congressman for six years before his appointment. In 1799, President John Adams named Williams as a peace envoy and plenipotentiary to France during the Quasi-War: an undeclared war with France fought entirely at sea over pirate attacks on American commercial ships. Williams resigned from his ambassador post in 1801 and returned to his home in Cambridge, Maryland, where he died two years later. THOMAS JEFFERSON (1743-1826) served as third U.S. President from 1801 to 1809. A former delegate to the Continental Congress from Virginia (1775-1776, 1783-1784), Jefferson drafted and signed the Declaration of Independence (1776). He then served as Governor of Virginia (1779-1781) and as a member of Virginia's state legislature (1782). Named U.S. Minister to France in 1785, Jefferson remained abroad until 1789, when he was asked by George Washington to be his Secretary of State (1790-1793). Jefferson then served as Vice President under John Adams (1797-1801) until being elected President. A man of many talents, Jefferson has been called "the Sage of Monticello" and "the Father of the University of Virginia". JAMES MADISON (1751-1836), America's fourth President (1809-1817), had a mixed record as chief executive, suffering the indignity of having his White House burned by British troops, but his contribution to American liberty is enormous. A veteran of the Virginia legislature and the Continental Congress, Madison earned the sobriquet "Father of the Constitution" for his role in the shaping of the document.  In fact, his thorough notes on the Constitutional Convention, deliberately withheld until 1840 when all participants were dead, is our principal source of information on its debates. He wrote at least 26 of the "Federalist Papers", the lucid expositions on the advantages of a federal system. The papers proved invaluable in securing the ratification of the Constitution in the state conventions as they demonstrated that individual rights could be protected within a strong federal government. He was equally responsible, as a Congressional leader, for adoption of the Bill of Rights. As leader of the emerging Democratic-Republican Party in the federal Congress, and as Secretary of State (1801-1809) as well as President, he was among the most important of the "Founding Fathers." Lightly toned, stained, foxed, and creased. Holes in verso, which touch docket, but not signatures. Folded twice horizontally and vertically. Folds are worn and torn. Otherwise, fine condition.

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Born: Circa 1743 in Shadwell, Virginia
Died: July 4, 1826 in Charlottesville, Virginia

Born: March 16, 1751 in Port Conway, Virginia Colony
Died: June 28, 1836 in Orange, Virginia

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