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PRESIDENT THOMAS JEFFERSON - FOUR LANGUAGE SHIPS PAPERS SIGNED CO-SIGNED BY: PRESIDENT JAMES MADISON - HFSID 294152

THOMAS JEFFERSON and JAMES MADISON With Anglo-American tensions at a fever pitch due to British seizure of American merchant ships, Jefferson as President, and Madison as Secretary of State, sign ship's papers for a brig bound for Marseilles.

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THOMAS JEFFERSON and JAMES MADISON With Anglo-American tensions at a fever pitch due to British seizure of American merchant ships, Jefferson as President, and Madison as Secretary of State, sign ship's papers for a brig bound for Marseilles. This ship and its captain would be seized three years later - by the French! Four Language Ship's Papers signed: "Th: Jefferson", "James Madison", 1 page, 19¾x16¼, matted and framed to 25½x22. Washington, D.C., 1807 May 21. Papers issued to Henry Latham, "master and commander of the Brig called the Canton … lying at present at the port of New York bound for Marseilles and laden with Sugar - Wine - Coffee - Ginger - Pimento - Indigo - Beeswax - Nankins [a small breed of chicken] - Tobacco - and Logwood". These papers were signed at a critical moment in U.S. relations with Britain. In 1806, determined to weaken Napoleonic France, Britain had announced a blockade of French ports. Under this order, U.S. merchant ships were liable to seizure - 1,000 would be seized - and the crews subject to impressment in the Royal Navy. One month after the Canton sailed, British warships fired on the US vessel Chesapeake, heightening the crisis. Jefferson would announce an embargo on trade with Britain in December 1807, and war with Britain would commence in 1812. The captain would successfully run the blockade in 1806, but The Canton would be seized by France and Latham imprisoned (until payment of a large fine) in 1809! His brig had visited an English port before journeying on to France, and thus fell victim to Napoleon's counter-blockade. THOMAS JEFFERSON (1743-1826) served as third U.S. President from 1801 to 1809. A former delegate to the Continental Congress from Virginia (1775-1776, 1783-1784), Jefferson drafted and signed the Declaration of Independence (1776). He then served as Governor of Virginia (1779-1781) and as a member of Virginia's state legislature (1782). Named U.S. Minister to France in 1785, Jefferson remained abroad until 1789, when he was asked by George Washington to be his Secretary of State (1790-1793). Jefferson then served as Vice President under John Adams (1797-1801) until being elected President. A man of many talents, Jefferson has been called "the Sage of Monticello" and "the Father of the University of Virginia". JAMES MADISON (1751-1836), America's fourth President (1809-1817), had a mixed record as chief executive, suffering the indignity of having his White House burned by British troops, but his contribution to American liberty is enormous. A veteran of the Virginia legislature and the Continental Congress, Madison earned the sobriquet "Father of the Constitution" for his role in the shaping of the document.  In fact, his thorough notes on the Constitutional Convention, deliberately withheld until 1840 when all participants were dead, is our principal source of information on its debates. He wrote at least 26 of the "Federalist Papers", the lucid expositions on the advantages of a federal system. The papers proved invaluable in securing the ratification of the Constitution in the state conventions as they demonstrated that individual rights could be protected within a strong federal government. He was equally responsible, as a Congressional leader, for adoption of the Bill of Rights. As leader of the emerging Democratic-Republican Party in the federal Congress, and as Secretary of State (1801-1809) as well as President, he was among the most important of the "Founding Fathers." Multiple mailing folds. Lightly worn at creases. Multiple paper seals. Minor ink smears throughout (all legible). Lightly toned and soiled. Otherwise, fine condition. Not framed in the Gallery of History style.

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