PRESIDENT TOMAS ESTRADA PALMA (CUBA) - RECEIPT SIGNED - HFSID 218071
Sale Price $1,020.00
TOMAS ESTRADA PALMA
The Cuban President writes a receipt with amounts in American and Spanish gold.
Receipt Signed: "T Estrada Palma" in iron gall ink. 8¼x6¼. Fully Translated in English: "New York, february 9, 1894. I received from Mr. John Smith de Oriente nine hundred and fifty six pesos, eighty six cents (956.86) in american gold that according to Mr. Smith is the equivalent of one thousand and sixty two pesos, twelve cents of Spanish gold in the exchange of 11%, i.e. an award of one hundred and five pesos and twenty six cents. February 9, 1894. T. Estrada Palma"Tomás Estrada Palma (1835-1908) led Cuban forces in the first war for Cuban Independence (The Ten Years War), and was named President of the Republic in Arms in 1876. Captured by Spanish troops in 1877, Estrada Palma was released after the signing of a peace agreement (1878) which fell short of granting Cuba independence. He moved to New York, and, when Cuban resistance to Spanish rule resumed, worked in the U.S. to raise money, smuggle arms, and inflame U.S. opinion against Spain. With Cuba's formal independence, following the Spanish-American War (1898), Estrada Palma was elected President with broad support (1901). He secured the withdrawal of U.S. troops from the island, but at a high price: enactment of a low tariff and acceptance of a treaty recognizing the Platt Amendment. The notorious Platt Amendment, authored by U.S. Senator Orville Platt of Connecticut, stated: "...the Government of Cuba consents that the United States may exercise the right to intervene for the preservation of Cuban independence, the maintenance of government adequate for the protection of life, property and individual liberty." After Estrada Palma used controversial methods to assure his re-election in 1906, broad resistance to his rule developed. He invoked the Platt Amendment in a vain attempt to keep himself in power. President Teddy Roosevelt did sent U.S. Marines, but only to restore order after Estrada Palma's resignation (September 28). This was the first of four U.S. military interventions under the Platt Amendment, which was repealed by President Franklin Roosevelt in 1934. (The U.S. still retains its base at Guantanamo, acquired under another provision of the Platt Amendment.) Toned, creased, soiled and worn. Normal mailing folds. Sealed. Ink note (unknown hand) on verso. Edges frayed. Adhesive strip on verso. Otherwise, fine condition.
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