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PRESIDENT ULYSSES S. GRANT - DOCUMENT SIGNED 09/14/1875 CO-SIGNED BY: BENJAMIN H. BRISTOW - HFSID 254002

ULYSSES S. GRANT and BENJAMIN H. BRISTOW Reconstruction: Appointment of a Collector of Internal Revenue for Tennessee. Partly Printed DS: "U.S. Grant" as President and "B.H. Bristow" as Secretary of the Treasury, 1p, 16¼x13¼. Washington, 1875 September 14.

Sale Price $3,060.00

Reg. $3,600.00

Condition: lightly creased
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ULYSSES S. GRANT and BENJAMIN H. BRISTOW
Reconstruction: Appointment of a Collector of Internal Revenue for Tennessee.
Partly Printed DS: "U.S. Grant" as President and "B.H. Bristow" as Secretary of the Treasury, 1p, 16¼x13¼. Washington, 1875 September 14. In part: "Know Ye, That, reposing special trust and confidence in the integrity, diligence, and discretion of William F. Green, I do appoint him Collector of Internal Revenue for the Sixth District of Tennessee, and do authorize and empower him to execute and fulfil the duties of that Office according to law...." The U.S. government established the Office of Internal Revenue in 1862 to help pay the cost of the Civil War. The Internal Revenue Service is a division of the Treasury Department. In 1866, Tennessee had become the first Confederate state to be readmitted to representation in the U.S. Congress. BENJAMIN HELM BRISTOW, a Kentuckian who had served the North with distinction during the Civil War, was appointed by Grant as Secretary of the Treasury in June of 1874. He served until June 1876. Once the Civil War was over, national governmental expenditures declined and taxes were reduced. Internal revenue taxes were gradually repealed between 1866 and 1883, after which the only commodities taxed were liquor and tobacco. The political pressure of diverse manufacturing and banking groups led first to the reduction of the income tax in 1867 and 1870 and then to its expiration in 1872. However, merchant and farm groups opposed these reductions. They feared that abolition of the income tax would strengthen governmental reliance on the protective tariff for revenue. The taxes on legacies and successions were repealed in 1870 for the same reasons as was the income tax. Yet agrarian and labor discontent from 1873 on resulted in repeated proposals for the restoration of the income tax by southern and western congressmen, the Greenback, Antimonopoly and Populist parties and the Knights of Labor. Income taxes were re-introduced in the 1890s and were declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court. In 1913, with the ratification of the 16th Amendment, they were implemented and are in use to this day. Folds, 1 just touches the "w" in Bristow. Lightly creased. Fine condition.

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