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PRESIDENT ULYSSES S. GRANT - DOCUMENT UNSIGNED - HFSID 3000619

[ULYSSES S. GRANT] Pencil notes on Congressional action regarding his promotions to Captain (1853) and Major General (1862) Autograph Note, unsigned, 8¾x4 envelope. Undated, on US House of Representatives envelope. In full: "Grant:/ Lt U S Grant Petitiori/First presented Jan. 12. 1852/by Mr.

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[ULYSSES S. GRANT]
Pencil notes on Congressional action regarding his promotions to Captain (1853) and Major General (1862)
Autograph Note, unsigned, 8¾x4 envelope. Undated, on US House of Representatives envelope. In full: "Grant:/ Lt U S Grant Petitiori/First presented Jan. 12. 1852/by Mr. Nelson Barrere of Ohio/See Journal 1.32.p191 (to Cl)/Presented Dec. 22nd 1853 Journal 1.33.p129/(over)" and in small lettering in upper right corner: "See Capt. Sam Grant. pp 278-279". Continued on verso: "2-37/Washburne Feb 24th 1862/Reported by Richardson Ill. Mar 12 1862/Passed by Richardson April 1, 1862" Future U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant was an army lieutenant, serving at the then remote outpost of Fort Vancouver, when he was promoted to the rank of captain in 1853, one of only 50 captains then serving in the peacetime army. On the same day he received notice of this promotion, he submitted his resignation. Although persistent rumors claimed that a superior officer demanded his resignation after catching Grant drunk on duty, the more convincing explanation is that he was tired of separation from his wife and children and despairing of his ability to support them on a military salary. His resignation was accepted on June 2 by Secretary of War Jefferson Davis. Grant spent the next 7 years as a civilian, returning to military service at the outset of the Civil War. President Lincoln, quick to recognize Grant's military talent and initiative, promoted him repeatedly over the strong opposition of his superior, General Henry Halleck: to Brigadier General in 1861, Major general in 1862, and Lieutenant General (of the regular army, a rank held previously only by George Washington) in 1863. These pencil notes represent someone's research on Grant's promotions. Although military appointments are approved by the US Senate, supportive members of the House of Representatives, especially those from the nominees home state, are often active in support. Nelson Barrere, a Whig, represented Grant's home state of Ohio in the US Congress (1861-1863), resigning to make an unsuccessful run for Governor. The timing of his petition re. Lt. Grant coincides with Grant's recommended promotion to Captain. Elihu Washburne represented Illinois in the US House, but was came from Grant's home town of Galena, Ohio and was close to Grant. (He would later served briefly as Grant's Secretary of State before accepting the post of ambassador to France.) His involvement listed here, and that of his Republican colleague William Richardson, coincided with President Lincoln's submission (February 19, 1862) of Grant's name for promotion to Major General. The Congressional Journal citations cited on this envelope would permit an interested researcher to access this source in academic microfiche collections or an on-line subscription serve. Torn at right edge. Lightly soiled. Jagged at edges. Otherwise, fine condition.

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