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PRESIDENT ULYSSES S. GRANT - MILITARY APPOINTMENT SIGNED 01/17/1872 CO-SIGNED BY: MAJOR GENERAL WILLIAM W. BELKNAP, BRIGADIER GENERAL EDWARD DAVIS TOWNSEND - HFSID 41434

ULYSSES S. GRANT, CO-SIGNED BY: GENERAL WILLIAM W. BELKNAP and GENERAL EDWARD DAVIS TOWNSEND Military appointment signed by President Ulysses S. Grant, Secretary of War William Belknap and Adjutant General

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ULYSSES S. GRANT, CO-SIGNED BY: GENERAL WILLIAM W. BELKNAP and GENERAL EDWARD DAVIS TOWNSEND
Military appointment signed by President Ulysses S. Grant, Secretary of War William Belknap and Adjutant General Edward Davis Townsend in 1872, appointing a first lieutenant
Military appointment signed "E D Townsend" as Adjutant General, "U.S. Grant" as President and "Wm. W. Belknap" as Secretary of War. Purple ink stamp in top left corner. 1 page. 14¾x19½ vellum, with 2¼-inch seal in top left corner. Washington, D. C., Jan. 18, 1872. Appointment of Ocran H. Howard as "First Lieutenant in the Fifth Regiment of Artillery". Union West Point graduate GRANT (1822-1885, born Hiram Ulysses Grant in Point Pleasant, Ohio) had little success in civilian life but was one of the greatest military leaders the United States has produced. After winning many victories on the Mississippi during the American Civil War, culminating in the capture of Vicksburg (1863), he was brought to the Virginia theatre to face the forces of Robert E. Lee which had bested a long series of former Union generals. He finally compelled Lee's surrender (April 9, 1865) on generous terms. Grant's two terms as Republican President (1869-77) were less successful. The personally honest Grant proved unable to prevent graft by subordinates. BELKNAP (1829-1890), who joined the Union Army at the outbreak of the American Civil War, was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel after the battle of Shiloh. Serving under General Ulysses S. Grant at Vicksburg and as a division commander in William Tecumseh Sherman's Atlanta campaign, he was a Major General by 1865. On Oct. 25, 1869, Belknap became President Grant's Secretary of War, succeeding Sherman. Belknap was charged with corruption in office, admitted receiving bribes for the appointment of Indian post-traders and resigned from the Cabinet on March 7, 1876. He was impeached by the House of Representatives and was tried by the Senate. On Aug. 1, 1876, Belknap was acquitted on the technical ground of lack of jurisdiction because he was no longer a government official. TOWNSEND (1817-1893) joined the Adjutant General's office in Washington, D. C. in 1861, serving under Adjutant General Lorenzo Thomas. During the American Civil War, Townsend, who initiated the gathering of papers for the Official Records of the war, was the principal executive officer of the War Department, working closely with President Abraham Lincoln and Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton. Townsend was brevetted Brigadier General on Sept. 24, 1864 and Major General in March 1865 (for "faithful, meritorious, and distinguished services in the adjutant-general's department during the rebellion."). After being promoted to Adjutant General of the Army in February of 1869, Townsend organized plans for a U.S. military prison, urging legislation on the subject and establishing the prison at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Natural variations in color and texture. Lightly toned, stained, soiled and creased. Missing top right corner. Seal is lightly scuffed. Adhesive residue along bottom edge. Folded in half vertically and five times horizontally. Otherwise in fine condition.

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