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PRESIDENT ULYSSES S. GRANT - MILITARY APPOINTMENT SIGNED 03/13/1875 CO-SIGNED BY: MAJOR GENERAL WILLIAM W. BELKNAP, BRIGADIER GENERAL EDWARD DAVIS TOWNSEND - HFSID 5903

ULYSSES S. GRANT and WILLIAM W. BELKNAP The President and his corrupt Secretary of War sign the appointment of an artillery lieutenant. Also signed by Adjutant General Edward Davis Townsend. Military Appointment signed: "U.S. Grant" as President and "Wm. W.

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ULYSSES S. GRANT and WILLIAM W. BELKNAP
The President and his corrupt Secretary of War sign the appointment of an artillery lieutenant. Also signed by Adjutant General Edward Davis Townsend.
Military Appointment signed: "U.S. Grant" as President and "Wm. W. Belknap" as Secretary of War, 1p, 15x18¾. Washington, 1875 March 13. Appointment of Robert H. Patterson as First Lieutenant in the First Regiment of Artillery. Naval vignettes at top and bottom center. Blue paper seal affixed beneath lower vignette. West Point graduate ULYSSES S. GRANT (1822-1885) had little success in civilian life but was one of the greatest military leaders the United States has produced. After winning many victories on the Mississippi during the American Civil War, culminating in the capture of Vicksburg (1863), he was brought to the Virginia theatre to face the forces of Robert E. Lee which had bested a long series of former Union generals. He finally compelled Lee's surrender (April, 1865) on generous terms. Grant's two terms as Republican President (1869-1877) were less successfully. Although he had some successes, including his crackdown on the Ku Klux Klan, the personally honest Grant proved unable to prevent graft by subordinates. WILLIAM W. Belknap (1829-1890) became President Grant's Secretary of War on October 25, 1869, succeeding William T. Sherman. Secretary Belknap was later charged with corruption in office. He admitted receiving bribes for the appointment of Indian post-traders and resigned from the cabinet on March 7, 1876. Belknap was impeached by the House of Representatives and was tried by the Senate. On August 1, 1876, he was acquitted on the technical ground of lack of jurisdiction because he was no longer a government official. EDWARD DAVIS TOWNSEND (1817-1893) joined the Adjutant General's office in Washington, D.C. in 1861, serving under Adjutant General Lorenzo Thomas. During the Civil War, Townsend, who initiated the gathering of papers for the Official Records of the war, was the principal executive officer of the War Department, working closely with President Abraham Lincoln and Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton. Townsend was brevetted Brigadier General on September 24, 1864 and Major General in March 1865 (for "faithful, meritorious, and distinguished services in the adjutant-general's department during the rebellion."). After being promoted to Adjutant General of the Army in February 1869, Townsend organized plans for a U.S. military prison, urging legislation on the subject and establishing the prison at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Creased. Lightly shaded. Folds, vertical fold touches "n" in Belknap. Nicked lower edge with several nailhead-size holes. Full, gold foil 2¼-inch seal. Grant's signature light but legible.

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