PRESIDENT ULYSSES S. GRANT - PRESIDENTIAL WARRANT SIGNED 06/02/1876 - HFSID 283747
Sale Price $1,530.00
ULYSSES S. GRANT
He signs a Presidential Warrant authorizing a pardon (1876).
Partly Printed Presidential Warrant signed: "U.S. Grant", 7¾x9¾. Washington, D.C., 1876 June 2. He authorizes the Secretary of State to affix the Presidential Seal to a warrant for the pardon of Ezekiel J. Jones. Article II Section 2 of the United States Constitution gives the President the "power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United States". Prisoners must wait at least five years after conviction to apply for a pardon, which clears a person's name. Since a presidential pardon is an official U.S. government document, the President granting the pardon must order the Secretary of State to affix the seal of the U.S. to it. Grant issued more pardons than any other 19th century president: 1,332, an average of 166 or so a year, over his entire eight-year administration. West Point graduate Grant (1822-1885, born Hiram Ulysses Grant in Point Pleasant, Ohio) had little success in civilian life but was one of the greatest military leaders the United States has produced. After winning many victories on the Mississippi during the American Civil War, culminating in the capture of Vicksburg (1863), he was brought to the Virginia theatre to face the forces of Robert E. Lee which had bested a long series of former Union generals. He finally compelled Lee's surrender (April, 1865) on generous terms. Grant's two terms as Republican President (1869-1877) were less successful. The personally honest Grant proved unable to prevent graft by subordinates. Horizontal fold creases - affecting lower edge of signature. Stray ink blotches at lower right margin. Diagonal fold crease at lower left corner. ¾" slit tear at left edge of lower fold. Edges toned. Otherwise, fine condition.
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