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PRESIDENT ULYSSES S. GRANT - PRESIDENTIAL WARRANT SIGNED 12/09/1875 - HFSID 46553

ULYSSES S. GRANT. Partly Printed DS: "U.S. Grant" as 18th U.S. President, 1p, 7½x9½. Washington, D.C., 1875 December 9. Presidential pardon for a counterfeiter. In part: "Whereas, on the 24th day of March, A.D.

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Condition: slightly creased, slightly soiled, otherwise fine condition
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ULYSSES S. GRANT. Partly Printed DS: "U.S. Grant" as 18th U.S. President, 1p, 7½x9½. Washington, D.C., 1875 December 9. Presidential pardon for a counterfeiter. In part: "Whereas, on the 24th day of March, A.D. 1874 in the United States District Court for the Northern District of New York, one Henry Morris, alias William H. Beacon, pleaded guilty to the charge of having in possession, and passing counterfeit money, and was sentenced to be imprisoned for three years, and to pay a fine of one hundred dollars:- And whereas, his pardon has been recommended by the Hon: Freeman Clarke, M.C., the Hon: J.M. Davy, M.C., and many other prominent citizens of New York, including the United States Attorney for that District:- And whereas, he has served an imprisonment of nearly two years:- Now, therefore, be it known, that I, Ulysses S. Grant, President of the United States of America, in consideration of the premises, divers other good and sufficient reasons one thereunto moving, do hereby grant to the said Henry Morris, alias William H. Beacon, a full and unconditional pardon...Thereby authorize and direct the Secretary of State to affix the Seal of the United States to a Warrant for the pardon of Henry Morris, alias William H. Beacon, dated this day, and signed by me: and for so doing this shall be his warrant." President ULYSSES S. GRANT (1822-1885) signed this warrant directing Secretary of State HAMILTON FISH (1808-1893) to place the Seal of the United States on the pardon of HENRY MORRIS alias William H. Beacon. Morris had been convicted on March 24, 1874 by the United States District Court for the Northern District of New York for possessing and passing counterfeit money. He was sentenced to three years' imprisonment and a $100 fine. President Grant ordered a full and unconditional pardon, effective the date of this warrant, for Morris, who had already served almost two years of his sentence. Grant's decision was based upon the recommendations of prominent citizens of New York, including FREEMAN CLARKE (1809-1887) and JOHN MADISON DAVY (1935-1909), delegates from New York in the U.S. House of Representatives. Grant, as President (1869-1877) had the power to give pardons according to Article II, Section 2 of the United States Constitution. Grant issued 1,332 pardons, more than any of his predecessors. The Great Seal, kept by the Secretary of State, validated such official government documents (Fish was Grant's only Secretary of State). Prior to 1952, the Seal was only applied by the Secretary upon the signed order of the President; since that time, the volume of papers requiring authentication has resulted in an executive order that permits the Secretary of State to use the Seal on certain official documents without a presidential warrant. Grant signed this warrant only six days before Congress passed an anti-third term resolution (December 15, 1875) to prevent him from seeking re-election. Congress feared that Grant might make such an attempt in spite of the corruption scandals that had plagued his second term. This warrant is alos dated seven months after the Whiskey Ring Scandal became publicly known. By May 10, 1876, more than 230 people were indicted for their involvement in the conspiracy in which western distillers coerced members of the Internal Revenue Service into helping them evade the whiskey tax. Even though the President's personal secretary, Orville Babcock, was implicated in the Whiskey Ring Scandal, Grant's innocence was unquestionable. Although his presidency was also marred by controversy resulting from the spoils system, government appointments based on political party loyalty or friendship, Grant stabilized the nation during the final years of Civil War Reconstruction (1865-1877) by supporting Negro civil rights and amnesty for Confederate leaders. Horizontal fold underlines signature. Slightly creased at lower right blank corner, slightly soiled at lower blank margin. Fine condition. Framed in the Gallery of History style: 32x22½.

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