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PRESIDENT WILLIAM McKINLEY - MILITARY APPOINTMENT SIGNED 01/14/1899 CO-SIGNED BY: LT. GENERAL HENRY C. CORBIN, RUSSELL A. ALGER - HFSID 17057

PRESIDENT WILLIAM McKINLEY, RUSSELL A. ALGER and HENRY C. CORBIN Military Appointment of a Lieutenant Colonel, dated early 1899 Military Appointment Signed: "William McKinley" as President and "R.A. Alger" as Secretary of War, 1p, 15¾x19¾.

Sale Price $1,760.00

Reg. $2,200.00

Condition: slightly soiled, otherwise fine condition
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PRESIDENT WILLIAM McKINLEY, RUSSELL A. ALGER and HENRY C. CORBIN
Military Appointment of a Lieutenant Colonel, dated early 1899
Military Appointment Signed: "William McKinley" as President and "R.A. Alger" as Secretary of War, 1p, 15¾x19¾. Washington, 1899 January 14. On vellum. 2½-inch diameter blue War Office seal affixed at bottom left next to military vignette. Large eagle vignette at top. In part: "Know Ye, That reposing special trust and confidence in the patriotism, valor, fidelity, and abilities of Philip Reade, I have nominated, and by and with the advice and consent of the Senate do appoint him Inspector General of Volunteers, with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, in the service of the United States...." Countersigned: "H C Corbin" as Adjutant General in docket at top left portion. WILLIAM McKINLEY (1843-1901) represented Ohio as a Republican in the U.S. Congress from 1877-1883 and 1885-1891, and he served as Governor of Ohio from 1892-1896. Elected 25th U.S. President in 1896, McKinley was reelected to a second term in 1900 with a larger plurality of votes than any other Chief Executive before him. The U.S. became a world power during his Presidency, winning a war with Spain (1898) and acquiring overseas colonies (Puerto Rico and the Philippines). On September 6, 1901, at the Pan American Exposition in Buffalo, New York, President McKinley was shot by Leon Czolgosz, an anarchist. He died on September 14, 1901, the third President to be assassinated. President McKinley depended on Adjutant General HENRY C. CORBIN (1842-1909) when it came to military matters. Frequently, it was Corbin who ordered military movements, not Secretary of War Alger. Corbin served as Adjutant General from 1898-1904. The Spanish-American War ended when the Treaty of Paris was signed on December 10, 1898. By this treaty, Spain freed Cuba and ceded Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines to the United States, receiving $20 million in payment for the Philippines. RUSSELL A. ALGER (1836-1907), an attorney and Civil War hero like McKinley, served as Secretary of War during McKinley's first term, from March 5, 1897 until August 1, 1899, when he resigned over criticism of his management of the War Department. Despite having been Governor of Michigan (1885-1887), Alger lacked the decisiveness required during the Spanish-American War. McKinley made his own strategic decisions without consulting Alger, and "Algerism" became a synonym for incompetence. Despite his failure in McKinley's Cabinet, Alger went on to publish a book, The Spanish American War (1901) and served in the U.S. Senate (1902-1907). Light surface creases. Toned, esp. on outer margins and corners. Slightly soiled. Corners lightly worn. Fold through center. Faint stains across. Otherwise, fine condition.

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