PRESIDENT ZACHARY TAYLOR - ENGRAVING UNSIGNED - HFSID 3109534
Sale Price $144.00
ZACHARY TAYLOR. Engraving, unsigned. B/w, 6¼x9¾ overall, image 5¾x8 (one surface). Captioned beneath vignette: "Okee-cho-hee (sic, Okeechobee) Decr. 25th 1837". Facsimile signature at lower margin. The popularity of war hero Zachary Taylor (1784-1850) led to his election as the 12th U.S. President (1849-1850). A 40-year veteran of the Army, Taylor, who was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in the Seventh Infantry of the U.S. Army in 1808, first fought the Indians on the frontier, defending Fort Harrison against a large force of Indians led by Tecumseh in 1812. Promoted to Major in 1814, Taylor was then an Indian agent in the West and served in the Black Hawk War. After becoming a Colonel, he fought the Seminole Indians in Florida, winning the Battle of Okeechobee on December 25, 1837, with a loss of only 26 men. His victory resulted in his promotion to the rank of Brigadier General, and Taylor was put in command of all U.S. forces in Florida. Before he was sent to Ft. Smith, Arkansas in 1841, Taylor's tenure saw the creation of 53 new posts, the creation of 848 wagon roads and the construction of 3,643 feet of bridges and causeways. Taylor's greatest accomplishments were yet to come, however. In 1845, Congress passed a resolution for the annexation of Texas, which was then an independent republic. Taylor was sent to occupy disputed territory claimed by Mexico between the Rio Grande and Neuces Rivers, first clashing with Mexican forces on April 24, 1846 and then winning battles at Palo Alto and Resaca de Palma. When Congress heard of the fighting, it declared war on Mexico on May 13, 1846. In September 1846, Taylor defeated a large Mexican force at Monterrey. After the battle, however, General Winfield Scott withdrew a large portion of Taylor's troops, leaving him with about 5,000 men. Mexican General Santa Anna, with an army of more than 20,000 men, then advanced on Taylor's forces, meeting him at Buena Vista. Over two days of fierce fighting (February 22-February 23, 1847), Taylor's forces (outnumbered four to one) prevailed - and Taylor became a national hero, leading the Whigs to nominate him for U.S. President. As President, Taylor, who had been dubbed "Old Rough and Ready" by his men, tried to run his administration as he had run his military command, and promised southern leaders who threatened to secede that he would personally lead the Army to enforce the law. Taylor died in office on July 9, 1850, after becoming ill from food he had eaten at a July 4th celebration, eleven years before the outbreak of the Civil War, in which his son, Richard, would serve in the Confederate Army and his former son-in-law, Jefferson Davis (the husband of his daughter, Sarah) would lead the Confederacy. Lightly soiled. Light circular stain at lower left border. Lightly soiled on verso (no show through). Overall, fine condition.
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