PRIME MINISTER BENITO (IL DUCE) MUSSOLINI (ITALY) - AUTOGRAPHED SIGNED PHOTOGRAPH CIRCA 1922 - HFSID 45718
BENITO MUSSOLINI The year he took power, he signed this postcard photo with a "Thank you!" in English. Postcard Photograph signed: "Thank you!/Mussolini". B/w, 3½x5¼. Lightly silvered at background. Mounting remnants and glue stains on verso (no show-through). Fine condition.
Sale Price $1,440.00
The year he took power, he signed this postcard photo with a "Thank you!" in English.
Postcard Photograph signed: "Thank you!/Mussolini". B/w, 3½x5¼. Lightly silvered at background. Mounting remnants and glue stains on verso (no show-through). Fine condition. Accompanied by panel from original typed mailing envelope, 7x4¾, affixed to sheet of same size. Block of four Italian stamps affixed, postmarked Rome, December 6, 1922. Addressed to a collector in Des Moines, Iowa. Lightly creased and soiled. Label affixed at upper left margin, "Registered" stamp there touches stamps (lower portion torn off 2 stamps). Ink notes (unknown hand) at lower left margin, stamped number to right of typed address. Postmarked the year that Mussolini had led a march on Rome and was asked by King Victor Emmanuel to set up a ministry. Benito Mussolini (1883-1945), a member of the Italian Parliament, had led a Fascist march on Rome in 1922. When the Cabinet resigned, King Victor Emmanuel asked Mussolini to form a ministry. Il Duce (The Leader) of the Fascists took over a number of ministries himself. He changed the electoral law to assure Fascist control of government and, by 1925, openly instituted a dictatorship (which would last until 1943), suppressing all opposition parties and newspapers. In 1929, the year before he signed this photograph, a concordat with the Vatican was signed in which the Italian state was finally recognized by the Roman Catholic Church. Beginning in the 1930s, Mussolini instituted rigid governmental control of the country's industries and large sums were spent on public works. After Achille Starace became Secretary of the Fascist Party in December 1931, he proclaimed that all meetings and public occasions would begin with the official Roman "salute to the Duce" and that all Fascists would wear military-style uniforms. Mussolini, who was finally deposed and arrested on July 25, 1943, was rescued by the Germans several months later and set up a Fascist state in Northern Italy. In April 1945, as the Allied armies were approaching Milan, Mussolini was captured and executed by Italian partisans as he attempted to seek refuge in Switzerland. Two items.
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