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PRIME MINISTER BENITO (IL DUCE) MUSSOLINI (ITALY) - INSCRIBED PHOTOGRAPH MOUNT SIGNED 03/29/1930 - HFSID 41398

MUSSOLINI Il Duce inscribes and signs a 6½x9 photo on the mount, dating it fascist style. Photograph Mount inscribed and signed: "To Florence DiCappo/with cordially Mussolini/Rome 29 March 1930 - VIII". B/w with brown hue, 10x13¼ overall, image 6½x9 (two surfaces). Photograph by G. Felici/Rome.

Sale Price $2,080.00

Reg. $2,600.00

Condition: lightly soiled, otherwise fine condition
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MUSSOLINI
Il Duce inscribes and signs a 6½x9 photo on the mount, dating it fascist style.
Photograph Mount inscribed and signed: "To Florence DiCappo/with cordially Mussolini/Rome 29 March 1930 - VIII". B/w with brown hue, 10x13¼ overall, image 6½x9 (two surfaces). Photograph by G. Felici/Rome. The "VIII" penned by Mussolini next to "1930" indicates the eighth year that the Fascists had been in power. Benito Mussolini (1883-1945), a member of the Italian Parliament, had led a Fascist march on Rome in 1922. When the Cabinet resigned, King Victor Emmanuel asked Mussolini to form a ministry. Il Duce (The Leader) of the Fascists took over a number of ministries himself. He changed the electoral law to assure Fascist control of government and, by 1925, openly instituted a dictatorship (which would last until 1943), suppressing all opposition parties and newspapers. In 1929, the year before he signed this photograph, a concordat with the Vatican was signed in which the Italian state was finally recognized by the Roman Catholic Church. Beginning in the 1930s, Mussolini instituted rigid governmental control of the country's industries and large sums were spent on public works. After Achille Starace became Secretary of the Fascist Party in December 1931, he proclaimed that all meetings and public occasions would begin with the official Roman "salute to the Duce" and that all Fascists would wear military-style uniforms. Mussolini, who was finally deposed and arrested on July 25, 1943, was rescued by the Germans several months later and set up a Fascist state in Northern Italy. In April 1945, as the Allied armies were approaching Milan, Mussolini was captured and executed by Italian partisans as he attempted to seek refuge in Switzerland. Diagonal crease on mount at upper right margin, lightly creased upper left blank margin. Lightly soiled. Worn edges. Overall, fine condition.

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