PRIME MINISTER MIGUEL PRIMO DE RIVERA (SPAIN) - AUTOGRAPH - HFSID 112506
PRIME MINISTER MIGUEL PRIMO DE RIVERA The Spanish politician and military officer who was born into a military family signed this card that features a black and white photograph Signature: “Primo de Rivera” in ink on a 5½x3½ card. Includes a b/w 2x3¼ photograph affixed to the card.
Sale Price $252.00
PRIME MINISTER MIGUEL PRIMO DE RIVERA The Spanish politician and military officer who was born into a military family signed this card that features a black and white photograph Signature: “Primo de Rivera” in ink on a 5½x3½ card. Includes a b/w 2x3¼ photograph affixed to the card. Miguel Primo de Rivera (1870-1930) was the Prime Minister and dictator of Spain from 1923-1930. While his intentions may have been pure when he took power via a coup, the result was an undemocratic state that suffered from economic issues until the end of his reign, when he effectively received a vote of no-confidence. His ascent into politics began with a military upbringing; both his father and grandfather were military officers. In 1911, Rivera was promoted to Brigadier General amid a swirling political climate in which the government failed to reform itself amid rioting. Post-WWI, economic depression set in. This, coupled with a stunning military failure against Morocco, resulted in corruption allegations against the army and King Alfonso XIII. It was in 1923 that Captain General Primo de Rivera overthrew the Spanish Parliament. In an attempt to step aside, regain popularity, and give the general some legitimacy, the King appointed Primo de Rivera Prime Minister. Primo de Rivera's goal was always to restore Spain to a democratic system, but he had no faith in the political class of the time period. Under his dictatorship, he consolidated power within himself and top military advisors, effectively dissolving the Spanish Parliament. To fight unemployment, he spent massive amounts of money on public works projects and infrastructure. These expenditures greatly reduced unemployment and improved industry within Spain, but inflation ran rampant. Under his leadership, the ongoing Moroccan conflict was finally settled, with France as an ally, in 1927. Unfortunately, currency inflation, the government's failure to pay back loans taken out for previous expenditures, and the onset of the Great Depression in 1930 resulted in a meaningful vote of no confidence from his military advisors. The Prime Minister resigned in January 1930 and passed away just two months later. Primo de Rivera's nationalistic fervor and idealistic perspective gained him many allies, but his attempt to rebuild a democracy with a new constitution and leaders failed. In this effort, he even formed the Patriotic Union in 1923, an organization that he wanted to set the new standard for government leadership as an antithesis to a political party. Note on verso in unknown hand. Evenly toned. Light creasing and smudging. Otherwise, fine condition.
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