ROSCOE CONKLING - AUTOGRAPH - HFSID 34331
Sale Price $216.00
Leader of the Republican "Stalwart" faction
Signature: "Roscoe Conkling/New York", 4x1½, affixed to a 7x11 page to which an unsigned engraving of Conkling (b/w, 4x4¾ overall, image 3x3¼) is also attached. Typed page number at top of page. Roscoe Conkling (1829-1888) represented New York in the U.S. House (1859-1863, 1865-1867) and Senate (1867-1881). A powerful political boss in New York State and a leader of the "Stalwart" faction of the Republican Party which opposed civil service and favored the old "spoils system" of appointment of party loyalists, Conkling resigned his Senate seat in protest over Republican President Garfield's failure to consult him on patronage appointments. He sought re-election to the seat vacated by his own resignation, but lost. Garfield's assassination (1881) put Chester Arthur, a protegé of Conkling's who had been placed on the Republican ticket to appease the Stalwarts, in the Presidency, but Arthur confounded expectations by continuing to push civil service reform. Arthur did nominate Conkling to the U.S. Supreme Court, and the Senate confirmed him, but Conkling declined the office. Mounting adhesive on verso has caused some rippling of signature slip. Mounting page slightly toned. Overall, fine condition.
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