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SAMUEL GARDINER JR. - CONTRACT SIGNED 11/19/1861 - HFSID 322011

SAMUEL GARDINER JR. Inventor signs contract giving partner 10% ownership of patent for new explosive bullet in the midst of the Civil War Contract signed: "Samuel Gardiner" in brown ink. 2 pages, front and verso, 8x12½. November 19, 1861. Contract between Gardiner and Robert J.

Sale Price $1,360.00

Reg. $1,600.00

Condition: slightly soiled
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SAMUEL GARDINER JR.
Inventor signs contract giving partner 10% ownership of patent for new explosive bullet in the midst of the Civil War
Contract signed: "Samuel Gardiner" in brown ink. 2 pages, front and verso, 8x12½. November 19, 1861. Contract between Gardiner and Robert J. Hubbard, with the body of the document written out in Hubbard's hand, eventually notarized on March 23, 1863 and recorded by the U.S. Patent Office on May 11, 1863 with an embossed patent seal. Gardiner had not yet received a patent, nor had he any immediate prospects for a government contract when he signed this agreement. Inventor Samuel Gardiner, Jr. (1816-1880) is best remembered for developing the high explosive rifle bullet in .54, .58 and .69 calibers, for which he received a U.S. Patent for in 1863. The bullet was fused to explode in only 1.25 seconds after firing and ensured that any soldier hit by the projectile within a range of 400 yards face the danger of the bullet exploding within the impact wound. The U.S. Government purchased 110,000 rounds of such ammunition for issue during the Civil War. General Ulysses S. Grant criticized the use of such bullets, complaining that "their use is barbarous because they produce increased suffering without any increased advantage to using them". The bullets also proved unpopular with Union troops, who experience premature explosions in their ammunition pouch and in the gun barrel. Gardiner also worked as an electrician, inventing more efficient types of ore-separators during the Gold Rush. Normal mailing folds. Edges frayed. Toned. Small stains throughout. Slightly soiled in folds. Otherwise, fine condition.

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