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Chief Justice Fred M. Vinson Autographs, Memorabilia & Collectibles

CHIEF JUSTICE FRED M. VINSON
Born: January 22, 1890 in Louisa, Lawrence County, Kentucky
Died: September 8, 1953 in Washington, District of Columbia
Biography | show moreshow less
FRED M. VINSON (1890-1953), a former U. S. Representative from Kentucky (1925-1929, 1931-1937), U.S. Circuit Court Judge (1937-1943) and Secretary of the Treasury (1945-1946), was appointed Chief Justice by President Truman in 1946, serving until his death in 1953. During his term, the Supreme Court rendered important civil liberty decisions. It ruled that the non-Communist statement required by the Taft-Hartley Act did not violate the Constitution (1950), that a speaker who displays "a clear and present danger" of incitement to riot can be arrested (1951) and that segregation is barred in interstate railway travel (1952). The Supreme Court in "Universal Oil Products Co. v. Root Refining Co.", 328 U.S. 575, 581 (1946), distinguished "law officers of the United States" from private interests amici. In its opinion, the Court encouraged district courts to avail themselves of government amici participation to represent the public interest in the administration of justice.   
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