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Chief Justice Melville W. Fuller Autographs, Memorabilia & Collectibles

CHIEF JUSTICE MELVILLE W. FULLER
Born: February 11, 1833 in Augusta, Maine
Died: July 04, 1910 in Washington, District of Columbia
Biography
Appointed by President Cleveland, Melville W. Fuller (1833-1910) served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court from 1888 until his death in 1910. Fuller's appointment was something of a surprise, even though he was a prominent judge, and it evoked some opposition from Senate Republicans. While their primary motive may have been to delay the appointment until after the Presidential election, they cited Fuller's record during the Civil War, when he had denounced Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation as unconstitutional.) Fuller was confirmed, however, by a 41-20 vote on July 10, 1888. A staunch economic conservative, Fuller wrote Court Opinions narrowing the scope of anti-trust legislation and deeming any direct tax on income unconstitutional (Pollock v. Farmers' Loan and Trust). He was part of the 8-1 "separate but equal" majority sanctioning racial segregation in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896).

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