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King Philip II (Spain) Autographs, Memorabilia & Collectibles

Born: 05/21/1527 in Valladolid, Spain
Died: 09/13/1598 in El Escorial, Spain
Biography | show moreshow less
Philip II of Spain (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598), also known as Philip the Prudent, was the King of Spain from 1556 to 1598, and also ruled over Portugal, Naples, Sicily, and the Spanish Netherlands, among other territories. Born in Valladolid, Spain, Philip was the firstborn son of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and Isabella of Portugal. Philip's reign is noted for its administrative reforms, territorial expansion, and fervent Catholicism. His rule marked the peak of the Spanish Empire's power and influence. His consolidation of power began with the inheritance of his father's territories and was further solidified through strategic marriages, such as his union with Mary I of England, which briefly joined the crowns of England and Spain.

One of Philip's significant accomplishments was the successful suppression of the Revolt of the Netherlands (1568–1648), restoring Spanish control over the provinces for several decades. Moreover, his determination to protect Catholicism led to confrontations with Protestant England, climaxing in the unsuccessful Spanish Armada invasion in 1588. Philip also championed the arts and culture, transforming his court into a center of patronage for artists, including Titian and El Greco. The Escorial, a grand palace-monastery built under his orders, remains a lasting testament to Philip's architectural vision and devotion to his faith. Philip II died on September 13, 1598, in El Escorial, Spain.

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