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King Philip III (Spain) Autographs, Memorabilia & Collectibles

Born: 4/14/1578 in Madrid, Spain
Died: 3/31/1621 in Madrid, Spain
Biography | show moreshow less
King Philip III of Spain (14 April 1578 – 31 March 1621), also known as Philip the Pious, was a significant figure in the Habsburg monarchy. Born in Madrid, he reigned over one of the world's foremost global empires from 1598 until his death in Madrid in 1621.

Throughout his reign, Philip III's policy focused on maintaining the peace across his empire, distinguishing him from his more bellicose predecessors. His reign is often marked by the Peace of London (1604), ending the Anglo-Spanish War, a conflict which had been inherited from his father. This was a significant achievement, re-establishing peaceful relations with England and marking a departure from the aggressive foreign policy of his predecessors. Furthermore, under his rule, the Spanish Crown supported the Catholic League during the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648), reinforcing Spain's role as a bulwark of Catholicism in Europe.

However, Philip III's reign is also known for the Expulsion of the Moriscos in 1609, an edict that forced hundreds of thousands of Spanish Muslims, who had previously been forced to convert to Christianity, to leave the country. This event significantly impacted the socio-economic structure of Spain and is considered a substantial aspect of his rule. Although a man of weak character who preferred to delegate the business of government, Philip III's reign was marked by a degree of tranquility and peace, yet marred by religious intolerance and economic challenges.

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