Major General Nathaniel P. Banks Autographs, Memorabilia & Collectibles

Born: January 30, 1816 in Waltham, Massachusetts
Died: September 1, 1894 in Waltham, Massachusetts
Biography | show moreshow less
Soldier and statesman BANKS (1816-1894) was elected to Congress in 1852 as a Democrat, in 1854 as the American Party candidate and in 1856 as a Republican. He served from 1853 to December 24, 1857 (Speaker of the House, 1855-1857), when he resigned to become Governor of Massachusetts (1858-1861). Although he advocated peace, Banks was one of the first to volunteer for the Union Army, and he was appointed Major General of Volunteers in 1861. Despite a lack of battlefield expertise, Banks often rallied outnumbered troops. For a short time in 1862, he was in charge of defenses for Washington, D.C., and he participated in campaigns at Vicksburg and New Orleans. Banks returned to Congress at war's end, serving as a Republican from 1865-1873, 1875-1879 and 1889-1891. He also served as a U.S. Marshal (1879-1888), having been appointed by President Rutherford B. Hayes.

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