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Queen Mariana of Austria (Spain) Autographs, Memorabilia & Collectibles

Born: 12/24/1634 in Wiener Neustadt, Lower Austria, Austria
Died: 05/16/1696 in Uceda Palace, Madrid, Spain
Biography | show moreshow less
Daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinard III, Queen Mariana of Austria (1634-1696) was destined to continue the tradition of intermarriage between the two branches of the Habsburg family. Accordingly, she became the second wife of King Philip IV of Spain, marrying him in 1649 at the young age of 14. In 1621, the King had inherited a declining throne with economic woes caused by lengthy wars. Mariana successfully produced an heir for King Philip, Charles II (1661-1700). Upon Philip's death in 1665, Mariana served for a decade as regent for their small son Charles. During her regency, she recognized Portugal's independence (1668) and renewed war with France (1673-1675) despite the fact that her stepdaughter Maria Teresa was married (1660) to King Louis XIV as part of a peace treaty with the French. The sickly and weak-minded Charles could not produce an heir, and his death caused the War the Spanish Succession (1701-1713), which resulted in Maria's grandson Philip of Anjou inheriting the Spanish Crown.

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