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Spencer Compton Cavendish Autographs, Memorabilia & Collectibles

SPENCER COMPTON CAVENDISH
Born: July 23, 1833 in Lower Holker, Lancashire, England, United Kingdom
Died: March 24, 1908 in Cannes, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
Biography | show moreshow less
Spencer Compton Cavendish (1833-1908) was known as Lord Cavendish and then as the Marquess of Huntington (1858-1891), before inheriting his highest title as the 8th Duke of Devonshire in 1891. He had the distinction of leading three separate parliamentary parties: the Liberals in the House of Commons (1875-1880), the Liberal Unionists in Commons (1886-1891), and the Unionists in the House of Lords (1903). His high government posts included Lord of the Admiralty, Postmaster General, Chief Secretary for Ireland, Secretary of State for India, and Secretary of State for War. He was 3 times offered the position of Prime Minister, refusing each time, not from a want of ambition, but because circumstances were unsuitable. He broke with Liberal Prime Minister Gladstone over the issue of Irish Home Rule, and increasingly aligned the Liberal Unionists with the Conservative Party. (The two would merge in 1912.) Some observers opined that Cavendish displayed an avid interest in sports, particularly in tennis and horse racing, in order to mask his political ambition.   

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