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SIR JOHN JOHNSON - AUTOGRAPH DOCUMENT SIGNED 04/24/1820 - HFSID 348020

SIR JOHN JOHNSONThis letter was signed by the British loyalist in 1820, long after he had moved to Canada to avoid being arrested by the United States Manuscript Letter Signed: "John Johnson," 3p, 7½x12, front and verso. Sent from his home in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Dated April 24, 1820.

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SIR JOHN JOHNSONThis letter was signed by the British loyalist in 1820, long after he had moved to Canada to avoid being arrested by the United States Manuscript Letter Signed: "John Johnson," 3p, 7½x12, front and verso. Sent from his home in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Dated April 24, 1820. Sent to “Field Marshall His Royal Highness the Duke of York, R.G. & G. C.B.-Commander in Chief of All His Majesty's Forces &c &c &c.". Frederick Augustus, Duke of York, was the second son of King George III of England. His older brother had been Prince Regent since his father, King George III, became permanently deranged in 1811. King George III had died on January 29, 1820, and the Duke's brother was now King George IV.Titled: "The Memorial of Sir John Johnson of Montreal/In the Province of Lower Canada Baronet." In Part: "That your Memorialist after having served his late Majesty as a Lieutenant Colonel Commandant and a Brigadier General in the Provincial Troops in the American War, which terminated in the year 1783, became Superintendent and Inspector General of Indian Affairs in British North America, in which situation he still continues, having in different capacities served his late Majesty between fifty and sixty years. That the result of the American War had the effect of depriving your Memorialist in consequence of his Adherence to his Allegiance, of Estates of great extent and value, which are now covered with Towns and Villages, and which, had they continued to belong to your Memorialist, would render him at this time one of the Most Wealthy Proprietors of Landed Estate in His Majestys Dominions, and altho your Memorialist in common with other Loyalists shared in the Bounty of His Majestys Government by receiving a Sum of Money intended as some Compensation for what he had lost, this could not be expected to cover such immense losses as your Memorialist had sustained, and bore in reality in proportion to them. That your Memorialist afterwards found himself charged with the Establishment and Advancement in life of a numerous family, and being anxious that all his Sons should be engaged in the service of their Country, expended many Thousand Pounds in the purchase of Commissions for them...out of Six of them engaged in the Military Service having lost four sons while in the discharge of their Duty Viz Lieutenant Colonel William Johnson Inspecting Field Officer of Militia, who died in that Country in January 1812. Major Warren Johnson 60th Regiment who died on his second passage from the West Indies in the year 1801. Captain James Johnson 29th Regiment who served on the staff of Major General the Honorable William Lumley and Major General Bowes on the Peninsula and was killed at the Siege of Badajoz. Captain Robert Johnson 100th Regiment who was drowned at Isle aux Haux in Canada during the late War…in Addition to these several afflictiv(e) events, which have deprived him of so large a part of his family, has also had to deplore the Death of his two Sons in Law while also engaged in the discharge of their Military duty vizt Major General Bowes who was killed at Salamanca and of Lieutenant Colonel MacDonnell Deputy Quarter Master General in Canada who died while employed in that Country. Your Memorialist has taken the liberty of referring to those Circumstances affecting himself and family so injuriously and in expectation that they may influence the Mind of your Royal Highness towards the only Son he has still remaining in the Army Viz Charles Christopher Johnson Captain in the 85th Regiment who has served sixteen years without obtaing (sic) any higher Grade. Wherefore your Memorialist humbly prays that your Royal Highness will be graciously pleased to take into your consideration the circumstances above stated, and extend to your Memorialist last Named Son, such beneficial influence of the Power of your Royal Highness in your Great Wisdom may deem proper, and your Memorialist as in duty bound will ever pray." Growing up along New York's Mohawk River, JOHN JOHNSON (1741-1830) was the son of Sir William Johnson, founder of Johnstown, New York. From his father, the Superintendent of the Six Iroquois Nations, he learned to negotiate peacefully with the regional Indians. In 1765, the young charge was knighted by King George III, cementing his loyalty to Britain. Upon his father's death in 1774, Johnson inherited immense tracts of land (nearly 200,000 acres) in New York. As dissension toward Britain brewed in the colonies, Johnson strove to keep the Mohawk Valley loyal to the King, until he was forced to flee to Montreal in the spring of 1776. Four years later, he returned to the Valley as Commander of the King's Royal Regiment to destroy the Continental Army's supplies and lay ruin to the land. After the war, he lost nearly 200,000 acres of land in central New York when his estate was confiscated by the New York Act of Attainder.He was then granted an estate in Canada. Throughout his life, Johnson remained a loyal, dedicated, and greatly respected gentleman. Tape repair on verso of last page with no show-through. Light staining at left blank margin of last page and light stain at blank left margin of first page. Upper horizontal fold of last page shows light browning affecting some words, but all legible. Frame lightly chipped along back edge. Otherwise, fine condition. Framed in Gallery of History style: 46¼x24½.

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