STEPHEN R. MALLORY - MANUSCRIPT DOCUMENT SIGNED 12/12/1861 - HFSID 81328
CONFEDERATE SECRETARY OF THE NAVY REQUESTS "AN ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATION OF
$850,000 TO DEFEND NEW ORLEANS AND THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER".
STEPHEN R. MALLORY. Historic Manuscript DS: "S.R. Mallory" as Secretary of the Navy of the Confederate States of America, 1p, 8x12 lined sheet. No place, 1861 December 12. Request for an additional appropriation of $850,000 to defend New Orleans and the Mississippi River. In part: "Estimate of the amount required to meet expenditures at New Orleans for Ordnance, Ordnance Stores, and Equipments, including outstanding bills and amount required to meet expenditures to the 1st of April next...$850,000. For Defences of the Mississippi River...." At lower margin in another hand: "The above estimate is in addition to one for the same amount and for the same purpose, heretofore submitted to Congress. 100 Gun boats being required instead of 50." STEPHEN R. MALLORY (1813-1873) was the Secretary of the Navy of the Confederate States of America from March 4, 1861-May 4, 1865. Mallory, who had been born in Trinidad and settled in Key West at the age of eight, was a former U.S. Senator from Florida (1851-1861) who had resigned after Florida seceded from the Union on January 10, 1861. When he assumed his post in Jefferson Davis' Cabinet, Mallory was the head of a naval department that had few ships and was in dire need of equipment and personnel. About one-sixth of the U.S. Navy had defected to the South as did hundreds of sailors, but in January 1862, the month after Mallory signed this document, he suggested offering a bounty to get needed seamen to enlist. Although the North abandoned the Norfolk Navy Yard with 11 ships, Mallory knew the South could never catch up to the Union fleet. The Confederacy did not have the means to manufacture marine engines or shafts, and Union blockades, which had begun as early as July 1861, five months before this document was signed and had effectively cut off most of South Carolina by November 1861, cutting the South off from imports. Mallory, who had suggested ironclads as additions to the small Confederate Navy, went to England in 1862 to help develop a new cruiser. Following the Civil War, Mallory, who was the only official to remain in Jefferson Davis' Cabinet throughout the entire war, was imprisoned from 1865-1866. The Confederate Secretary of Treasury at the time Mallory made this request was German-born CHRISTOPHER G. MEMMINGER (1803-1888), a fiscal conservative who hoped to finance the war with bonds. Memminger had to increasingly issue more Treasury notes, and, as Union blockades cut off revenue from cotton sales, Confederate currency depreciated and prices rose. By July 1864, the Confederacy's credit essentially collapsed and Memminger resigned, retiring to his home in South Carolina. Lightly creased. Lightly soiled at lower right margin, near but not touching signature. Chipped at lower left edge, lower left corner chipped off. Overall, fine condition.
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