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Handwritten letter by the former US Senator and Cabinet member, vouching for the Civil War patriotism of a judge.
Autograph Letter signed: "T. Ewing", 2 pages (front and verso), 7½x9¾. Lancaster [Ohio], 1871 September 29. To "A T Goodman, Esq.", in full: "I have yours of the 27th respecting the Loyal bearing of Judge Ranney and answer with much pleasure. I do not remember dates, but I was invited by Governor Todd to address with Judge Ranney to address two or three public meetings to aid as we could the recruiting and financial service. My health was feeble but I responded to the call at Chillicothe and I think at Circleville. Judge Ranney spoke at both places and also at Lancaster. I remember Chillicothe in particular, where by mutual consent we solicited the young men to volunteer in the service of our common country and the aged and rich to subscribe money to support the families of the volunteers while absent in the service. Books were opened that evening and a large sum was subscribed. And still it was evident that men were plentier than money. Judge Ranney spoke with earnestness and ability in the cause. This is all I know of his war record - and as far as I know none could be more satisfactory. I am very truly yours". Thomas Ewing (1789-1871) served as U.S. Senator from Ohio from 1831-1837. President William Henry Harrison appointed him Secretary of the Treasury March 5, 1841. Harrison died on April 4, 1841 and was succeeded by Vice President John Tyler. Ewing served until September 13, 1841, when Tyler's Cabinet, with the notable exception of Secretary of State Daniel Webster, resigned in protest to a Tyler veto of a financial bill. Ewing was the first U.S. Secretary of the Interior, appointed by President Zachary Taylor, serving from March 8, 1849 to July 23, 1850. He resigned to return to the Senate, filling an unexpired term but defeated for re-election. Ewing was the foster father of Union general William Tecumseh Sherman (who was baptized in Ewing's home), and later Sherman's father in law. His son, Thomas Ewing, Jr., was also a Union general in the Civil War. President Andrew Johnson nominated Ewing for another Cabinet post, Secretary of War, in 1868, but the Senate, enraged at the firing of Secretary William Stanton, refused to consider his nomination. The Judge Ranney referenced in this letter was almost certainly Rufus P. Ranney (1813-1891), an Ohio state senator and state Supreme Court justice. Toned and creased. Multiple mailing folds. Corners worn and creased. Unknown stains throughout letter (not effecting signature). Otherwise, fine condition.

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Born: December 28, 1789 in West Liberty, Virginia, U.S.(now West Virginia)
Died: October 26, 1871 in Lancaster, Ohio

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