Richard Olney Autographs, Memorabilia & Collectibles

Born: September 15, 1835 in Oxford, Massachusetts
Died: April 8, 1917 in Boston, Massachusetts
Biography | show moreshow less
Richard Olney (1835-1917) was a United States politician who began his political career in the Massachusetts House of Representatives, where he served one term from 1874 to 1876. In 1893, he was appointed the United States Attorney General. In this position, he developed a pro-business reputation due to his rejection of labor strikes as a legitimate means of protest. After Secretary of State Walter Q. Gresham passed away in 1895, President Cleveland elevated Olney to the position. He formulated the Olney Interpretation of the Monroe Doctrine, which maintained the U.S. right to intervene in international disputes in the Western Hemisphere. He also converted diplomatic posts in foreign nations into embassies, thus making them permanent fixtures rather than temporary ones. These two actions have greatly elevated the United States in international politics over the years.   

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